This course will look at New York's hidden infrastructure - the largely unseen but massively complex networks that have underpinned New York's growth and continued strength as a commercial center. It examines the history and operations of the systems in place today - ranging from water, garbage and energy to roadways, ports and telecom - while delving in greater depth into some of the policy issues confronting service-providers and policymakers working in each of these areas. Kate Ascher is currently Director of Development at Vornado Realty Trust in Manhattan. She was previously Executive Vice-President for Infrastructure at the Economic Development Corporation, a non-profit corporation serving New York City. In that capacity, she oversaw city policy with respect to a variety of areas including energy and telecommunications policy and marine and air transportation. Kate holds both Masters and Doctorate degrees in Government from the London School of Economics, as well as a Bachelor's degree from Brown University.