In the aftermath of the Holocaust, the world community vowed ‘never again’ to allow such atrocities. Yet genocide remains a tragic part of the human experience. Its persistence raises urgent questions: Is genocide preventable? Is it an inescapable aspect of human nature, or the weapon of the grossly-deviant vicious? Can policymakers detect early signs of genocide and prevent it from occurring? Or is punishment after the act of genocide the only viable instrument of international policy? This course will explore these and other questions by examining genocide in an historic and legal context. Proposed policy solutions will be evaluated through a focus on such case studies as Armenia, Ukraine, Cambodia, and the ongoing genocide in Darfur.