Land has always been a contested resource. Public officials make value-based and political decisions on land allocation among different, often competing, uses. These decisions shape, and are shaped by, societal factors like who owns/occupies land, how they value it, what they do with it, and who benefits from it. Land-use planning, then, is fraught with trade-offs and conflicts. The past few decades have further complicated these already fraught processes with changes like accelerated urbanization in countries in the global south, complex global interdependencies leading to the creation of transnational real estate markets, and the growing strength of human rights movements that make previously standard land-use tools like eminent domain virtually unusable.
The first section of the course is an overview of the idea of property in land. It will interrogate the legal (property rights v. claims), organizational (forms of land ownership) and financial (private property and public interest) aspects of property relations in land. The second section is a comparative analysis of land-use planning. Here, we will compare how the legal doctrines in different countries construe the meaning of, and the justification for, the public regulation of land-use; the similarities and differences in the use of standard land-use planning tools like eminent domain and zoning across different country contexts; and the strength and limits of land-use planning in regulating conditions that are emerging as the dominant mode of urbanization in developing countries, such as informal housing and peri-urbanization.
PADM-GP 2201 Recommended
|Spring 2014||Sai Balakrishnan||Syllabus|