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Magee, JC, & PK Smith.
Personality and Social Psychology Review, 17, 158-186.
We propose that asymmetric dependence between individuals (i.e., power) produces asymmetric social distance, with high-power individuals feeling more distant than low-power individuals. From this insight, we articulate predictions about how power affects (a) social comparison, (b) susceptibility to influence, (c) mental state inference and responsiveness, and (d) emotions. We then explain how high-power individuals’ greater experienced social...
Rao, Nirupama S.
This paper examines the impact of the R&D tax credit between 1981-1991 using confidential IRS data from corporate tax returns. The key advances on previous work are an instrumental variables strategy based on tax law changes that addresses the simultaneity between R&D spending and its user cost and the use of new confidential data. Estimates imply that a ten percent reduction in the user cost of R&D leads the average firm to increase...
Shifra Bronznick and Didi Goldenhar
Research Center for Leadership in Action, October 2008
This report - the product of a partnership between the White House Project and RCLA - gives a glimpse into candid discussions among top women executives about leadership styles, ambivalence about ambition, and the role race plays as women confront not just a single glass ceiling but a series of challenges in "the labyrinth of leadership."
(eds.) Monroe Price, Stefaan Verhulst, Libby Morgan
Featuring specially commissioned chapters from experts in the field of media and communications law, this book provides an authoritative survey of media law from a comparative perspective. The handbook does not simply offer a synopsis of the state of affairs in media law jurisprudence, rather it provides a better understanding of the forces that generate media rules, norms, and standards against the background of major transformations in the...
Financial Times Economists's Forum, March 1, 2013.
Smith, Daniel L., and Yilin Hou.
Public Budgeting & Finance 33(2): 1-18.
This study tests the effects of balanced budget requirements on three measures of state expenditure using data on 48 states for the years 1950 to 2004. We find that the following rules are effective in constraining expenditures: 1) requiring that the governor submit a balanced budget; 2) placing controls on supplemental appropriations; and 3) prohibiting the carry-over of a deficit from one fiscal year or biennium into the next. The latter two...
Smith, Daniel L., and Jeffrey B. Wenger.
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 32(3): 536-53.
This paper employs panel estimators with data on the 50 American states for the years 1963 to 2006 to test the relationship between Unemployment Insurance (UI) trust fund solvency and UI benefit generosity. We find that both average and maximum weekly UI benefit amounts, as ratios to the average weekly wage, are higher in states and in years with more highly solvent trust funds. This result holds after controlling for state-level unemployment...
Blustein, Jan, Teresa M Attina, Laura Cox, Mengling Liu, Andrew M Ryan, Martin M Blaser, Leonardo Trasande.
International Journal of Obesity, Jul;37(7):900-6.
OBJECTIVES: To assess associations of caesarean section with body mass from birth through adolescence. DESIGN: Longitudinal birth cohort study, following subjects up to 15 years of age. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Children born in 1991-1992 in Avon, UK who participated in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) (n=10 219). OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome: standardized measures of body mass (weight-for length z-...
C. Restrepo, J. Simonoff, G. Thurston and R. Zimmerman
Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 3 No. 29, 2012, pp. 1102-1116. doi: 10.4236/jep.2012.329129.
Air pollution is considered a risk factor for asthma. In this paper, we analyze the association between daily hospital admissions for asthma and ambient air pollution concentrations in four New York City counties. Negative binomial regression is used to model the association between daily asthma hospital admissions and ambient air pollution concentrations. Potential confounding factors such as heat index, day of week, holidays, yearly population...
R. Zimmerman, C. Restrepo, A. Culpen, W. Remington, A. Kling, I. Portelli and G. Foltin
Journal of Risk Research Vol. 13 No. 7, 2010, pp. 913-35.
Extreme events of all kinds have been increasing in number, severity, and consequencesand have come to the attention of the public to an increasing extent. This necessitatesimproving mechanisms to communicate the risks of these events for many reasons, suchas understanding attitudes and behavior to encourage actions that reduce the conse-quences of such events. Focus groups are a common mechanism to begin to probe the foundations for risk...
Causes, Cost Consequences, and Risk Implications of Accidents in U.S. Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Infrastructure
C. Restrepo, J. Simonoff, and Rae Zimmerman
International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection Vol. 2 No. 1 2, 2009, pp.: 38-50.
In this paper the causes and consequences of accidents in US hazardous liquid pipelines that result in the unplanned release of hazardous liquids are examined. Understanding how different causes of accidents are associated with consequence measures can provide important inputs into risk management for this (and other) critical infrastructure systems. Data on 1582 accidents related to hazardous liquid pipelines for the period 2002–2005 are...
A comparison of ground-level air quality data with New York State Department of Environmental Conservation monitoring stations data in South Bronx, New York
C. Restrepo, R. Zimmerman, G. Thurston, J. Clemente, J. Gorczynski, M. Zhong, M. Blaustein, L. Chen
Atmospheric Environment Vol. 38, 2004, pp. 5295-5304
The South Bronx is a low-income, minority community in New York City. It has one of the highest asthma rates in the country, which community residents feel is related to poor air quality. Community residents also feel that the air quality data provided by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) through its network of monitoring stations do not reflect the poor quality of the air they breathe. This is due to the fact...
Rao, Nirupama and Pablo Kurlat
in Governing America, Facts on File, New York, 2009 William E. Cunion and Paul Quirk, eds.
Steven Finkler, David Ward, and Thad Calabrese
At A Time When Health Care Organizations Face Unprecedented Financial Challenges, Understanding Financial Accounting Is Important For All Health Care Professionals, Especially Those Who Manage A Department And A Budget. Designed For Both Students And Professionals, Accounting Fundamentals For Health Care Management, Second Edition Clearly Explains Accounting Principles And Applies Them To The Health Care Environment.Critical Topics Such As...
Carroll, Deborah A. and Thad Calabrese.
The American Review of Public Administration March 2013 vol. 43 no. 2 200-220, doi: 10.1177/0275074012439745
We analyze panel data of U.S. states to determine whether nonprofit contribution and program service revenues are correlated with state tax burden. State tax burden is modeled as a function of (a) state tax policy, (b) nontax policy factors that affect state income, and (c) other exogenous factors that are independent of state tax policy and do not directly induce income; regression results reveal correlations with variables in all three...
Ives, Martin and Thad Calabrese
Journal of Government Financial Management 62(1): 12-19.
Five municipalities with populations over 100,000 have declared bankruptcy since 2008, as have some smaller ones, including Central Falls, RI, in 2011. The bankruptcies have unsettled citizens, current and retired employees, and creditors of the governments involved; further, the apparent increasing willingness of municipal officials to file for bankruptcy has raised concerns nationwide. Municipal bankruptcy is exceedingly rare. Only 650 US...
Calabrese, Thad, and Deborah A. Carroll
Public Finance and Management 12(1): 21-50.
This paper examines the question of whether there is any correlation between the prevalence of nonprofit organizations with property, plant, and equipment exempt from property taxation and the property tax burden for homeowners. Data from the Tax Foundation and Internal Revenue Service was used to analyze general-purpose local governments within larger counties (populations greater than 65,000) in the United States for years 2005 and 2006....
Marwell, Nicole, and Thad Calabrese, Jack Krauskopf
Baruch College Center for Nonprofit Strategy and Management
Building blocks of bias: Gender composition predicts male and female group members’ evaluations of each other and the group
West, TV, ME Heilman, K Gullett, CA Moss-Racusin, & JC Magee.
2012. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 48, 1209-1212
The present research examined how a group's gender composition influences intragroup evaluations. Group members evaluated fellow group members and the group as a whole following a shared task. As predicted, no performance differences were found as a function of gender composition, but judgments of individuals’ task contributions, the group's effectiveness, and desire to work with one's group again measured at a 10-week follow-up were...
Whitson, JA, KA Liljenquist, AD Galinsky, JC Magee, DH Gruenfeld, & B Cadena.
Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 49, 579-582.
Previous research has found that power increases awareness of goal-relevant over goal-irrelevant information. However, this work has failed to distinguish between goal-facilitating and goal-inhibiting information, both of which are goal relevant. The current research investigated whether power increases the cognitive resources devoted to goal-facilitating information or reduces the cognitive resources devoted to goal-constraining information....
Sarah Gerecke and Matthew Murphy
in William Easterly, editor, Reimagining Foreign Aid. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
The urgency of reducing poverty in the developing world has been the subject of a public campaign by such unlikely policy experts as George Clooney, Alicia Keyes, Elton John, Angelina Jolie, and Bono. And yet accompanying the call for more foreign aid is an almost universal discontent with the effectiveness of the existing aid system. In Reinventing Foreign Aid, development expert William Easterly has gathered top scholars in the field to...
Morduch, J. & Armendariz de Aghion, B.
Chapter included in Charles Goodhart, editor, Financial Development and Economic Growth: Explaining the Links. Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan,
The most successful economies have the best working financial markets. While causation obviously runs in both directions, current research has increasingly emphasized the role of finance in promoting growth. Here seven leading financial economists explore the links between financial development and growth. The book seeks to answer the question of the role of finance in promoting sustainable growth and in the reduction of poverty, for example via...
Cull, Robert; Asli Demirgüç-Kunt; and Jonathan Morduch
World Development 39(6): 949-965, June 2011
We combine two datasets to examine whether the scale of an economy’s banking system affects the profitability and outreach of microfinance institutions. We find evidence that competition matters. Greater bank penetration in the overall economy is associated with microbanks pushing toward poorer markets, as reflected in smaller average loans sizes and greater outreach to women. The evidence is particularly strong for microbanks that rely on...