Institutionalizing participation: Lessons learned and lessons for strengthening Vietnam’s national anti-poverty programs
UNICEF, UNCDF and Canadian Internaitonal Development Agency
Area-based national programs such as 135 (poorest commune program) have formally adopted decentralization and local participation as key strategies. This accords with the spirit of the Grassroots Democratization Decree. But how will these principles be translated into an improved local planning and implementation process? What constraints will have to be overcome for this to happen? These questions are still very much open, and to date there have been few studies focusing specifically on them. This policy paper analyzes current constraints on, and makes recommendations regarding, the participation of local communities and local government in poverty-related national programs. The study has resulted in four separate papers, of which the current one is the synthesis. Each of these is quite long and goes into considerable descriptive detail; the interested reader is encouraged to contact UNDP Hanoi (Social Development Unit) for copies.