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Macinko, J., and M.F. Lima Costa
International Journal for Equity in Health, Vol. 11 no. 33. 10.1186/1475-9276-11-33
Introduction This study assesses trends in horizontal equity in the utilization of healthcare services from 1998 to 2008--a period of major economic and social change in Brazil. Methods Data are from nationally representative surveys repeated in 1998, 2003, and 2008. We apply established methods for assessing horizontal inequity in healthcare access (the principle that people with the same healthcare needs should have similar access to...
Gusmano, Michael K. and Victor G. Rodwin, Comparative Health Systems. In Knickman and Kovner (eds.)
11th Edition. Springer Publishing LLC
Windows can sometimes be mirrors. A look at health systems abroad can enable us to develop a better understanding of our health system in the United States. An international perspective suggests that the United States has the most expensive health care system in the world, but unlike other wealthy countries, we fail to provide universal health insurance coverage and experience large inequities in access to primary and specialty care. Health care...
Privett, N. and D. Gonsalves
Operations Research for Health Care. 3(4) 226-230.
In the battle for global health, supply chains are often found wanting. Yet most of what is known about in-country pharmaceutical supply chains resides in the experiences of individual stakeholders, with limited amounts of this knowledge captured in technical reports and papers. This short communication taps into the collective experience and wisdom of global health supply chain professionals through interviews and surveys to identify and...
The Medicine Maker, 0315, Article #302.
New and improved drugs are released every year to tackle global health needs – and many pharma companies have initiatives to supply those drugs to the developing world. Unfortunately, efforts are wasted without proper supply chain management. Here, we prioritize the top ten challenges.
The Humanitarian Space: Articles (The Humanitarian Practice Network).
Humanitarian supply chains must function in the most challenging environments and, consequently, supply chain visibility – information and data, for instance regarding products in transit and availability and stock levels at storage and distribution points – can often be poor. Increasing supply chain visibility has the potential to greatly improve humanitarian operations by providing data to inform more effective and accurate decisions, enabling...
In M. Johnson (Ed.), Community-Based Operations Research Volume 167, 2012, pp. 67-95 . Springer New York
Addressing the needs of underrepresented, underserved, and vulnerable populations at a local level is the central goal of many charitable nonprofit organizations, and is thus naturally intertwined with community-based operations research. Through promoting and creating positive change, such nonprofits play an integral role in their communities and affect individual lives. However, the research literature addressing nonprofit operations is...
Dalal, P., T.Q. Hu, M.J. Tao, S.K.P. Sum, S. Lee, N. Privett, J.T.C. Shun and S.X. Wei,
Stanford University, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, and SAP Research
In N. Atlay, M. Haselkorn, and C. Zobel (Eds.), Advances in Managing Humanitarian Operations. New York: Springer.
Purpose – Humanitarian operations can be greatly improved through increased supply chain visibility, that is, availability of information throughout the supply chain. This is broadly true for all types of humanitarian operations, whether disaster relief, global health efforts, or capacity building, or community development., and it is especially true for operations in developing or compromised country contexts. This chapter establishes...
Unintended Negative Consequences of Rewards for Student Attendance: Results from a Field Experiment in Indian Classrooms
Melody M. Chao, Rajeev Dehejia, Anirban Mukhopadhyay, Sujata Visaria
Paul C. Light
Governance Studies at Brookings
The 2016 presidential election will likely feature two tough questions about government reform, writes Paul C. Light. First, should the next president cut federal programs to reduce the power of government, or maintain existing programs to deal with important problems? Second, should the next president winnow the federal agenda to a smaller set of priorities, or accept the current priorities and focus on reducing federal inefficiency?
Anthony Bertelli and Peter C. John
Oxford University Press 2013. ISBN 978-0-19-966397-2.
This book addresses one of the enduring questions of democratic government: why do governments choose some public policies but not others? Political executives focus on a range of policy issues, such as the economy, social policy, and foreign policy, but they shift their priorities over time. Despite an extensive literature, it has proven surprisingly hard to explain policy prioritisation. To remedy this gap, this book offers a new approach...
Portuguese Translation of Spanish Original Venezzuela: Editorial Texto, C.A With N.Cunhill
Schwartz, A. E., Stiefel, L., & Wiswall, M.
Journal of Urban Economics, 77: 27-40
We evaluate the effectiveness of small high school reform in the country's largest school district, New York City. Using a rich administrative datasest for multiple cohorts of students and distance between student residence and school to instrument for endogenous school selection, we find substantial heterogeneity in school effects: newly created small schools have positive effects of graduation and some other educational outcomes while older...
Zimmerman, R., Restrepo, C.E., Culpen, A., Remington, W.E., Kling, A., Portelli, I. & Foltin, G.
Journal of Risk Research Vol. 13 No. 7, 2010, pp. 913-35.
Focus group methods are adapted here to address two important needs for risk communication: (1) to provide approaches to risk communication in very extreme and catastrophic events, and (2) to obtain risk communication content within the specific catastrophe area of chemical and biological attacks. Focus groups were designed and conducted according to well-established protocols using hypothetical sarin and smallpox attacks resulting in a chemical...
David Blumenthal, Elizabeth Malphrus, and J. Michael McGinnis (Eds.)
Committee on Core Metrics for Better Health at Lower Cost; Institute of Medicine. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2015.
Thousands of measures are in use today to assess health and health care in the United States. Although many of these measures provide useful information, their sheer number, as well as their lack of focus, consistency, and organization, limits their overall effectiveness in improving performance of the health system. To achieve better health at lower cost, all stakeholders—including health professionals, payers, policy makers, and members of...
Assessment of a government-subsidized supermarket in a high-need area on household food availability and children's dietary intakes
Brian Elbel, Alyssa Moran, L Beth Dixon. Kamila Kiszko, Jonathan Cantor, Courtney Abrams and Tod Mijanovich
Objective: To assess the impact of a new government-subsidized supermarket in a high-need area on household food availability and dietary habits in children. Design: A difference-in-difference study design was utilized. Setting: Two neighbourhoods in the Bronx, New York City. Outcomes were collected in Morrisania, the target community where the new supermarket was opened, and Highbridge, the comparison community. Subjects: Parents/...
Nirupama S. Rao (with Aparna Mathur, Michael S. Strain and Stan A. Veuger)
Revise & Resubmit ~ Public Finance Review
This paper investigates the relationship between dividend payouts and corporate investment. We find significant heterogeneity in the relationship across firms — heterogeneity that helps reconcile competing results in the literature. Drawing on financial filing data from Compustat, we first broadly replicate the statistically significant negative relationship estimated by Auerbach and Hassett (2003). We show that this relationship does not hold...
Sarah Cordes, Amy Ellen Schwartz, Leanna Stiefel and Jeffrey Zabel
Urban Studies. January 8, 2015. doi: 10.1177/0042098014563469
The notion that children from ‘good’ neighbourhoods are destined for success while those from ‘bad’ neighbourhoods are destined for failure has considerable popular appeal. Residential location is strongly linked to school quality, access to educated adults, exposure to violence, etc. There is, however, surprisingly little evidence on the link between the neighbourhood in which a child begins school and later schooling outcomes. Understanding...
The Health Policy and Management (HPAM) gap - from diagnosis to prescription: a response to recent commentaries
David P Chinitz and Victor G Rodwin
International Journal Health Policy and Management 2015; 4(x): 1-2. doi: 10.15171/ijhpm.2015.91.
Sarah M. Kaufman, Mitchell L. Moss, Justin Tyndall and Jorge Hernandez
NYU Rudin Center
Although public transit provides access to jobs throughout the New York City region, there are actually substantial inequalities in mobility. By focusing on the neighborhood level, the NYU Rudin Center for Transportation has identified communities that are substantially underserved by the public transportation system. The Rudin Center ranked New York City’s 177 neighborhoods according to the number of jobs accessible from the neighborhoods...
Revise & Resubmit ~ American Economic Journal: Econ Policy
The widespread boom in U.S. oil production has prompted state debates on levying new taxes on oil. This paper uses new well-level production data and price variation from federal oil taxes and price controls to assess how taxes affect production. Empirical estimates suggest an after-tax price elasticity ranging between 0.295 (0.038) and 0.336 (0.042). Response along the extensive margin is minimal. There is no discernible evidence of spatial...
Ingrid Gould Ellen, et al.
NYU Furman Center. NYU School of Law and NYU Wagner School of Public Service.
The State of New York City’s Housing and Neighborhoods in 2014 report, published annually by the NYU Furman Center, provides a compendium of data and analysis about New York City’s housing, land use, demographics, and quality of life indicators for each borough and the city’s 59 community districts. The report combines timely and expert analysis of NYU Furman Center researchers with data transparency. It is presented in three parts: Part 1...
Power and Priorities: The Growing Pains of Global Health; Comment on “Knowledge, Moral Claims and the Exercise of Power in Global Health”
Karen A. Grépin
Int J Health Policy Manag 2015, 4(x), 1–2
Shiffman has argued that some actors have a great deal of power in global health, and that more reflection is needed on whether such forms of power are legitimate. Global health is a new and evolving field that builds upon the historical fields of public and international health, but is more multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary in nature. This article argues that the distribution of power in some global health institutions may be limiting...
Leanna Stiefel, Amy Ellen Schwartz, and Matthew Wiswall
Educational Researcher, Vol. XX No. X, pp. 1–12. DOI: 10.3102/0013189X15579187
Research finds that small high schools deliver better outcomes than large high schools for urban students. An important outstanding question is whether this better performance is gained at the expense of losses elsewhere: Does small school reform lift the whole district? We explore New York City’s small high school reform in which hundreds of new small high schools were built in less than a decade. We use rich individual student data on four...