Health Policy

Ambulatory Care Providers and the Transition to Medicaid Managed Care in New York City

Ambulatory Care Providers and the Transition to Medicaid Managed Care in New York City
Remaking Medicaid: Managed Care for the Public Good. Eds. S. Somers and S. Davidson. San Francisco: Josey-Bass, , pp. 339-356.

Cantor, J.C., Weiss, E.W., Haslanger, K., Madeala, J., Heisler, T., Kaplan, S.A. & Billings, J.
01/01/1998

This book is a collection of 18 essays by health services researchers that analyze Medicaid managed care, its historical context, its implementation in several states, its applicability to disabled and other special needs populations, and its potential for monitoring quality and provider performance.

From Humanitarian Assistance to Human Development

From Humanitarian Assistance to Human Development
Washington, DC: Pan American Health Organization/WHO. .

Rodriguez-Garcia, R., Macinko, J. & Casas, J. (Eds.)
01/01/1998

Civil, political and military conflict--Natural and man-made disasters--Poverty and human suffering...As the new millennium approaches, the need for humanitarian assistance in response to these global challenges endures. Complex humanitarian emergencies demand human, financial and material resources on an international scale. This presents the global community, and particularly the health sector, with a formidable and daunting task: Faced with limited resources, how can organizations and actors simultaneously meet immediate humanitarian needs while maintaining their commitment to long term human development? More specifically, how can humanitarian relief and sustainable human development efforts be linked? From Humanitarian Assistance to Human Development responds and reacts to this question by serving as a forum for distinguished members of the health and development arena to present issues, policies and innovative programs in response. Divided into three sections, the book examines the humanitarian assistance-human development continuum within the global-policy context of human development, reviews humanitarian assistance as a social phenomena, highlights country experiences in Rwanda and Bosnia, and discusses means of relieving human suffering and restoring infrastructure and health and social services in the aftermath of conflict. In this thought-provoking, informative volume, the perspectives, experiences and proposals of specialists from academic institutions, national and international agencies and non-governmental organizations are united to help inform future policy, inspire programmatic action and, ultimately, bridge the gap between humanitarian assistance and human development.

Health Management Education Partnerships: More Than Technology Transfer

Health Management Education Partnerships: More Than Technology Transfer
Journal of Health Administration Education, Spring.

Brecher, C., Weitzman, B. & Schall, E.
01/01/1998

This article presents the reflections of three faculty members from New York University based on more than two years of experience in a health management education (HME) partnership with institutions in the Republic of Albania. The most significant point to be shared with colleagues considering similar initiatives in other countries is that aiding other professionals in developing health management education programs involves much more than the transfer of technical information among professionals. Based on experience in Albania, we argue that the development of viable management and policy analysis programs will require assistance to counterparts in Central and Eastern Europe in: (1) building constituencies for these activities among influential leaders and sustaining this support through changes in government; (2) providing models of and motivations for using styles of pedagogy that vary significantly from those now common in this part of the world; and (3) reconciling conflicts between pressures for investments in the largely hospital-based activity of health management and the largely public-health-based needs of relatively poor countries.

Preventable Hospitalizations and Socioeconomic Status

Preventable Hospitalizations and Socioeconomic Status
Health Affairs. 1998;17:177-189.

Blustein, J., Hanson, K. & Shea, S.
01/01/1998

"Preventable" hospitalizations have been proposed as indicators of poor health plan performance. In this study of elderly Medicare beneficiaries, however, we found that preventable hospitalizations are also more common among elders of lower socioeconomic status (SES). The relationship persisted even when an up-to-date severity-of-illness adjustment system was used. To the extent that indicators of health plan "performance" reflect enrollees' characteristics, plans will be rewarded for marketing their services to wealthier, healthier, and better-educated patients. Further work is needed to clarify issues of accountability for preventable hospitalizations and other putative indices of health plan performance.

Sibling Rivalry and the Gender Gap: Evidence from Child Health Outcomes in Ghana

Sibling Rivalry and the Gender Gap: Evidence from Child Health Outcomes in Ghana
Journal of Populations Economics 11 (4), December 1998, 471 - 493.

Morduch, J. Garg, A.
01/01/1998

When capital and labor markets are imperfect, choice sets narrow, and parents must choose how to ration available funds and time between their children. One consequence is that children become rivals for household resources. In economies with pro-male bias, such rivalries can yield gains to having relatively more sisters than brothers. Using a rich household survey from Ghana, we find that on average if children had all sisters (and no brothers) they would do roughly 25-40% better on measured health indicators than if they had all brothers (and no sisters). The effects are as large as typical quantity-quality trade-offs, and they do not differ significantly by gender.

The Organization and Use of Services by the Chronically Medically Ill

The Organization and Use of Services by the Chronically Medically Ill
V Mor and S Allen, eds., Living in the Community with Disability: Service Needs, Use and Systems. New York: Springer Publishing; .

Knickman, J.R. & Blustein, J.
01/01/1998

Text discussing disability research from a life course perspective and emphasizing the reality that people of all ages are at risk of being disabled. For policy makers and researchers.

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