Health Policy

Depressive Symptoms in Blood Donors Notified of HIV Infection

Depressive Symptoms in Blood Donors Notified of HIV Infection
American Journal of Public Health April, Vol. 83 Issue 4, p534-539, 6p.

Cleary, P.D., Van Devanter, N., Rogers, T.F., Singer, E., Shipton-Levy, R., Steilen, M., Stuart, A., Avorn, J. & Pindyck, J.
01/01/1993

Understanding more about the psychological state of persons notified of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is critical for designing notification and counseling programs that will have the most positive effect. Methods. The subjects were blood donors who had been notified of HIV infection by the New York Blood Center. A nurse elicited a medical history, performed a limited medical examination, and asked the subjects to complete a questionnaire that included questions about drug use, sexual behavior, and psychological characteristics. The subjects completed another questionnaire approximately 2 weeks later. Results. The average depressive symptom scores for both men and women were substantially higher than scores typically found in representative population samples. More than a quarter of the men and more than a third of the women reported seeking psychological or psychiatric services in the first few weeks following notification. Conclusions. Anticipating and meeting individuals' psychological needs may be necessary if HIV screening programs are to address effectively the needs of persons infected with HIV.

Behavior Changes After Notification of HIV Infection

Behavior Changes After Notification of HIV Infection
American Journal of Public Health, Dec 1991, Vol. 81 Issue 12, p1586-1586, 5p.

Cleary, P.D., Van Devanter, N., Rogers, T.F., Singer, E., Shipton-Levy, R., Steilen, M., Stuart, A., Avorn, J. & Pindyck, J.
12/01/1991

To learn more about how people who did not volunteer for testing react to information about HIV infection, we assessed short-term behavior changes in HIV-positive blood donors. Methods. Blood donors who were notified at the New York Blood Center that they were HTV positive were asked to participate in a study. A nurse elicited a medical history, performed a limited medical examination, and asked participants to complete a questionnaire that included questions about drug use, sexual behavior, and psychological characteristics. Participants were asked to return in 2 weeks to complete another questionnaire. Results. Many fewer men and women reported engaging in unsafe sexual behaviors in the 2 weeks preceding the follow-up visit than had reported such behaviors prior to notification. These changes were greater than those other investigators have reported, but about 40% of the participants still reported unsafe sexual activity at the follow-up interview. Conclusions. To make nonvolunteer screening programs for HIV infection more effective in reducing the spread of HTV infection, we need to learn more about how to help people change their high-risk behaviors.

Le Controle des Pouvoirs Publics et des Payeurs: Comparaisons Internationales

Le Controle des Pouvoirs Publics et des Payeurs: Comparaisons Internationales
Rodwin, V. G. (1987). Le Contrôle des Pouvoirs Publics et des Payeurs: Comparaisons Internationales. In M. Berthod-Wurmser & V. G. Rodwin (Eds.), Système de santé, pouvoirs publics et financeurs: Qui contrôle quoi? (pp. 55-68). France: Documentation Française.

Rodwin, V.G.
07/25/1987

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