Housing & Community Development

Preventable Hospitalizations and Access to Health Care

Preventable Hospitalizations and Access to Health Care
Journal of American Medical Association 274, no. 4 : 305-311.

Bindman, A., Grumbach, K., Osmond, D., Komaromy, M., Vranizan, K., Lurie, N. & Billings J.
01/01/1995

The objective is to examine whether the higher hospital admission rates for chronic medical conditions such as asthma, hypertension, congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes in low-income communities resulted from community differences in access to care, prevalence of the diseases, propensity to seek care, or physician admitting style.

Individual production, community characteristics and the provision of local public services

Individual production, community characteristics and the provision of local public services
Journal of Public Economics, Feb 93, Vol. 50 Issue 2, p277, 13p.

Schwartz, A.E.
02/01/1993

Suggests a method of indexing local public services using community characteristics to allow the isolation of movements in prices and quantities from expenditure data. Differences in individual production functions for commodities where both private goods and community characteristics are inputs of production; Impact of government activities on community characteristics and production.

Evaluating the Success of Need-Based State Aid in the Presence of Property Tax Limitations

Evaluating the Success of Need-Based State Aid in the Presence of Property Tax Limitations
Public Finance Quarterly, Oct 92, Vol. 20 Issue 4, p483, 16p.

Reschovsky, A. & Schwartz, A.E.
10/01/1992

Discusses the use of grants-in-aid to reduce fiscal disparities by local governments in the United States. Method used in Massachusetts to account for differences among communities in fiscal costs and resources; Indepth look at expenditure determination in tax limitations; Estimation of local government expenditures.

Taxing Over Tax Limits: Evidence from the Past and Policy Lessons for the Future

Taxing Over Tax Limits: Evidence from the Past and Policy Lessons for the Future
Public Administration Review, Jul/Aug 1981, Vol. 41 Issue 4, p445-453, 9p

Hickam, D., Berne, R. & Stiefel, L.
07/01/1981

It is generally thought that across-the-board tax limits, white encouraging fiscal restraint, create hardships for jurisdictions with above average and uncontrollable needs. Because of the recent imposition of most limits, the conclusion is difficult to confirm empirically. This article provides a test of the conclusion based on a study of New York State city school districts where limits long in effect were suspended between 1970 and 1978 because of unusual local behavior and legislative action. Because some, but not all, districts took advantage of legislatively granted authority to tax beyond their limit, art empirical investigation can be used to explain this behavior. The results of the analysis, which show that low ability to pay, low inter-governmental grants, and high needs account for much of the behavior of districts that exceed limits, are helpful in designing flexible tax limits.

A Variant of the Shift and Share Projection Formulation

A Variant of the Shift and Share Projection Formulation
Journal of Regional Science, April 1975, Vol. 15, Issue 1, p29-39, 10p.

Zimmerman, R.
01/01/1975

Examines variance of the shift and share projection formulation. Use of the shift share method in explaining historical trends in regional employment; Examination of the predictive power of the variant against the standard formulation; Evaluation of alternative projection methods for industries grouped into local market and supply-oriented categories.

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