Social Policy

The effect of social networks and concentrated poverty on black and hispanic youth unemployment

The effect of social networks and concentrated poverty on black and hispanic youth unemployment
Annals of Regional Science, Dec 1993, Vol. 27 Issue 4, p327, 16p

O'Regan, K.
01/01/1993

This paper examines empirically the effect of spatially concentrated poverty on minority youth employment and the role of "access" in youth labor markets. A model, in which information about jobs travels through social networks, links labor market outcomes and residential concentration of poverty. The empirical work uses U.S. Census employment data for the largest MSAs, in 1970 and 1980. The key findings are that, although concentration appears to have had no effect on black youth unemployment in 1970, the results for 1980 support "concentration effects" on unemployment for both black and hispanic youth. These effects are sizeable on average, and quite large in some cities.

Children's Performance in the Selection Task: Plausibility and Familiarity.

Children's Performance in the Selection Task: Plausibility and Familiarity.
British Journal of Psychology; 1989, Vol. 80 Issue 1, p79, 17p.

Girotto, V., Gilly, M., Blaye, A. & Light, P.C.
02/01/1989

Explores the effects of the activation of pragmatic schemas on children's reasoning performance. Definition of pragmatic schemas; Developmental and general aspects of research findings; Theoretical significance to child psychology.

Politics Is the Issue: A Response to Robert Myers

Politics Is the Issue: A Response to Robert Myers
Public Administration Review; May/Jun86, Vol. 46 Issue 3, p261-266, 6p.

Light, P.C.
05/01/1986

Presents a response to a critique of a report on actuarial estimates for social security in the U.S., featured in the 1985 issue of the periodical "Public Administration Review." Potential impact of political pressure on the social security estimates; Controversy surrounding the use of confidentiality as a condition of research; Cause of the declining accuracy of the late 1970's and early 1980's estimates.

Social Security and the Politics of Assumptions

Social Security and the Politics of Assumptions
Public Administration Review, May/Jun85, Vol. 45 Issue 3, p363, 9p.

Light, P.C.
01/01/1985

This article addresses the importance of economic and demographic assumptions in framing the public policy process. It examines functions of such assumptions as an important aspect of government and as a new challenge for public managers. Using Social Security as a case study, the article suggests that recent fore- casts have been inaccurate for four basic reasons: (I) the social and economic environment, (2) technique, (3) assumption drag, and (4) politics. Nevertheless, the assumptions have been crucial at several key legislative turning points in recent Social Security reforms. The article reviews the impact of political pressure in three specific instances and suggests an emerging pattern in the use and misuse of assumptions. The article concludes with suggestions on how to address the importance of assumptions in the public policy process.

Social Science Research and School Finance Policy

Social Science Research and School Finance Policy
American Behavioral Scientist, Nov/Dec 1979, Vol. 23 Issue 2, p207, 30p.

Berne, R. & Stiefel, L.
11/01/1979

Investigates the impact of social science research on school finance policy in the U.S. Formulation of social science research to public policy; Perspectives in evaluating the policy impact of social science research; Strengths of the perspectives.

Pages

Subscribe to Social Policy