Child Development Services in Medicaid Managed care Organizations: What does it Take?
Objective. We sought to understand why certain Medicaid managed care organizations (MMCOs) implemented child development services or programs and how they had done so. We also sought to identify barriers and facilitators to successful initiation and implementation of child development programs.
Methods. We conducted 9 key informant interviews and 4 site visits, and performed qualitative analyses to identify major themes across responses.
Results. We identified a small number of MMCOs with child development services. High-level support was crucial for program initiation; physician buy-in, staff support, and strong working relationships with outside health professionals or agencies were principal factors in successful program implementation.
Conclusions. MMCOs that were committed to implementing child development services were successful in doing so, without external funding or regulatory mandate. The results provide valuable strategies for MMCOs interested in developing programs and for researchers and advocates interested in promoting child development services for low-income children. Key words: Medicaid managed care, child development services.