A la santé de l'oncle Sam: regards croisés sur les systémes de santé; américain et français (To Uncle Sam's Health: Cross perspectives on the American and French Health Systems)
Tabuteau, D., Rodwin, V.G.
Victor Rodwin, professor of health policy and management at NYU Wagner, and his colleague Didier Tabuteau, counselor of state and professor of health policy at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques and the University of Paris Descartes, have published a new book (published by Editions Jacob Duvernet) in which they challenge the conventional wisdom that the French health care system is a government-managed, public and collective enterprise and the American system a private, market-oriented and individualist system. Based on six months of debates in Paris while Professor Rodwin held the Fulbright-Toqueville Chair (spring semester, 2010), this book compares public health, health insurance, the power of physicians, health care reform, and the silent revolution that is transforming health care organization in both France and the United States.
The New York Transportation Journal
Vol. XI No. 1, Fall
de Cerreño, A.L.C., Publisher, Sterman, B.P., Editor, Panero, M.A., Associate Editor.
The lead article for this issue of the Journal presents an interview by Rachel Weinberger of Elliot G. "Lee" Sander, Executive Director and CEO of the MTA, and our former publisher and Director of the NYU Wagner Rudin Center. In his interview with Rachel, Lee talks about the challenges facing the MTA and his vision for the agency. Then, in a timely article on Financing Transportation, Linda Spock discusses research she conducted for the Rudin Center regarding programmed transit fare increase policies. A Suburbs of New York article, written by Gerry Bogacz of the New York Metropolitan Transportation Council (NYMTC) describes the continuing efforts to establish a sustainable development program on the eastern end of Long Island. Another, Beyond the Region, article written by three authors â€“ Paul Noumba, Gyeng Chul Kim, and Patchareporn Talvanna â€“ describes the implementation of the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system in Seoul, South Korea. Notice that BRT is deemed as a key component of PlaNYC. Finally, the congestion of the Northeast Corridor's air and surface transportation system are addressed in a Surface, Air, and Waterways article by Allison L. C. de CerreÃ±o, Director of the NYU Rudin Center for Transportation Management and Policy. She introduces a megamodal approach that looks at all transportation modes along the entire corridor, and begins to develop a vision for how passengers and freight can most effectively share the system while creating the highest level of mobility and access for both people and goods. Her article relates to a recent conference held by the Rudin Center, titled: "Thinking Bigger: New York and Transportation in the Northeast Megaregion."
The Political Manipulation of U.S. State Rainy Day Funds under Rules versus Discretion
State Politics and Policy Quarterly 8(2): 150-176.
Anecdotal evidence suggests that politicians manipulate rainy day funds for political purposes, but such claims remain untested in the literature. This article finds that lawmakers withdraw nearly three times more funds in response to a deficit shock of a given size if the shock occurs in an election year rather than a non-election year; this occurs despite the fact that the magnitude of shocks does not vary over the electoral cycle. This effect is stronger when incumbents are eligible for re-election than when they are term-limited. When it comes to preventing political manipulation, rainy day fund rules that increase the number of veto players who must approve of withdrawals seem to be more effective than rules that specify the economic conditions under which funds may be withdrawn.
Civic Engagement & National Belonging
International Journal of Public Administration and Management .
In his essay “All Community Is Local,” political scientist William Schambra urges that researchers and activists “direct our gaze away from the failed project of national community and focus once again on the churches, voluntary associations, and grass-roots groups that are rebuilding America’s civil society one family, one block, one neighborhood at a time.” Schambra’s is a rather extreme version of a view expressed by many theorists of citizenship, as well as by political figures from both right and left: that the nation is too distant from most people’s lives (or its governing officials too impersonal or corrupt) to inspire a sense of shared purposes or civic spirit. Only intense local involvement yields rightly-constituted citizens, and small communities are the likeliest realm for realizing the public good.
Upcoming Fels Public Policy Challenge Stirs Proposals by 9 Student Teams at Wagner
Get ready, get set: NYU Wagner is looking to make it two-wins-in-a-row at the upcoming National Invitational Public Policy Challenge hosted annually by the Fels Institute of Government at the University of Pennsylvania and presented by Governing magazine. The Challenge invites students to develop creative policy proposals and civic engagement solutions to pressing social problems.
Last year, a team of Wagner students won the inaugural Fels Challenge with their pattern-busting proposal "Kinvolved," a project involving a new app to help New York City teachers keep track of student attendance and communicate with parents. Upon winning, the team received $15,000 to bring the project to life.
This year’s Fels Challenge is annother exciting opportunity for future leaders in public service to make a difference on issues that matter. Modeled after MBA business plan competitions, the Challenge asks student teams from policy schools around the country to develop a policy that can bring about significant change in their community.
In all, nine student teams at Wagner have drafted proposals. From these promising submissions, three semi-finalists will be selected, and one will go on to the nationals on March 17 at the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia.
To attend the event, please RSVP here.
The plans submitted by the Wagner students offer fresh thinking and solutions to challenges such as gun violence, food waste, childhood obesity, and gestational diabetes.
Wagner competed in the nationals against three other policy schools across the country in 2012. This year, nine schools have joined the competition. Good luck to all the participants!
"There's nothing comparable to public service" - Former Mayor Edward I. Koch [Video]
Former New York City Mayor Edward I. Koch, who died in the early-morning hours Feb. 1, led an informative, entertaining hour of discussion in the fall of 2010 at NYU Wagner about his eventful three terms at City Hall – years that sparked a remarkable turnaround in the condition and character of much of New York City, noticeable to this day.
Joining Koch was Jonathan Soffer, NYU Polytechnic associate professor of history and author of a critically acclaimed biography, Ed Koch and the Rebuilding of New York City (Columbia University Press, 2010), as well as Wagner's dean Ellen Schall, who introduced Koch as “my mayor," noting that she had worked extensively for city government, including as the commissioner of juvenile justice.
“City government, I say to all my students, is really the most amazing opportunity,” she commented. “It allows you to work on incredibly important issues, have much more authority as a young person that you have any reason to have, and make a huge amount of difference.”
Koch spoke passionately about the merits of embarking on a career in public service.
“There’s nothing comparable to public service,” he said. “More than saying ‘How am I doin’?’ … more than that I said 10,000 times that public service is the most noble profession if it’s done honestly and if it’s done well. And that’s why people serve. There’s nothing like it.”
In this videotape of the Oct. 14, 2010 conversation at Wagner, the former mayor begins speaking at marker 15:48.
Firm Recognizes NYU Wagner Graduate as Rising Star in Economic Development
A top marketing firm for cities, states, and other jurisdictions has identified NYU Wagner graduate Harold Pettigrew (MUP ’05) as a rising star in the field of economic development.
Development Counselors International (DCI) named Pettigrew to its “40 Under 40” roster of public service awardees for 2013.
Pettigrew is director of the Department of Small and Local Business Development (DSLBD) for the District of Columbia.
“The District’s economy has benefited tremendously from Harold’s leadership in aggressively rolling out and reforming services that support our small and local businesses,” declared Washington, D.C., Mayor Vincent Gray, in a press release. “He is an important part of the District’s economic success story, he exemplifies the world-class talent in my Cabinet, and I congratulate him for this outstanding and well-deserved recognition.”
Commented Pettigrew, “This award speaks to the excellent work taking place to maximize the launch and growth of businesses in the District of Columbia. I am honored to receive and share this recognition from DCI with the team at DSLBD, and the public and private sector partners who share our commitment to making the District of Columbia a world-class business destination.”
New Report Explores Technology and the Nonprofit Sector
The Aspen Insitute today released a new report in Washington, D.C., by NYU Wagner Visiting Professor Beth Noveck and Daniel L. Goroff. The report, "Information for Impact: Liberating Nonprofit Sector Data," shows how new technology designed to improve data on the nonprofit sector can prompt greater innovation and effectiveness.
Noveck is former director of the White House Open Government Initiative. Goroff, while at the Office of Science and Technology Policy, helped establish the new Interagency Task Force on Smart Disclosure. He is a program director with the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.
Professor David Elcott to Receive MLK Jr. Faculty Award
Professor David Elcott
NYU Wagner Professor David Elcott has been chosen to receive the Provost’s prestigious 2013 Martin Luther King, Jr. Faculty Award, presented to outstanding faculty members - nominated by students - who exemplify the spirit of the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., through their teaching excellence, leadership, commitment to social justice, and community-building work.
Professor Elcott is Wagner’s Taub Professor of Practice in Public Service. He is senior research fellow at the Research Center for Leadership in Action (RCLA) and Faculty Director of the Executive MPA program.
The NYU Provost, in partnership with the NYU Division of Student Affairs, will present the Faculty Award to Professor Elcott and five other faculty members Wednesday, February 6, from 4 p.m. to 6 p.m. in Pless Hall Lounge, 82 Washington Square East.
To view a Wagner video interview with Professor Elcott, click here.
Click here to view photos from the event.
Banking the World: Empirical Foundations of Financial Inclusion - Jonathan Morduch
Jonathan Morduch, professor of public policy and economics at NYU Wagner, has co-edited a new collection about the world’s vast “unbanked” population. The book, Banking the World: Empirical Foundations of Financial Inclusion, examines how to realize the goal of extending banking and other financial services to the estimated 2.5 billion people, just over half the adult population globally, who lack them. It. is published by The MIT Press and can be ordered here.
Morduch, a contributor to the volume, is the executive director and co-founder of the Financial Access Initiative, an inter-university research center housed at the Wagner school. The full gamut of essays explore such topics as the complexity of surveying people about their use of financial services; evidence of the impact of financial services on income; and the occasional negative effects of financial services on poor households, including disincentives to work and over-indebtedness. Along with Murdoch, the book's co-editors include Robert Cull and Asli Demirglic-Kunt.
About the Editors:
Robert Cull is a Lead Economist in the Finance and Delivery Private Sector Development Team of the World Bank’s Development Research Group. Asli Demirgüç-Kunt is Director of Development Policy in the World Bank’s Development Economics Vice Presidency and Chief Economist of the Financial and Private Sector Development Network (FPD).
Asli Demirguc-Kunt is Senior Research Manager, Finance and Private Sector, in the World Bank's Development Economics Research Group. She is the coeditor of Financial Structures and Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Comparison of Banks, Markets, and Development (MIT Press, 2001).
Jonathan J. Morduch is Professor of Public Policy and Economics at New York University’s Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service. He is the coauthor of The Economics of Microfinance (MIT Press) and Portfolios of the Poor: How the World's Poor Live on $2 a Day.
Global Social Change Leadership Institute Early Admissions Deadline Feb 15
RCLA’s Global Social Change Leadership Institute offers college and graduate students and young professionals from across the United States and around the world a chance to develop practical knowledge and skills to advance social justice in their communities.
Program participants learn from experts at the forefront of policy reform and advocacy, coalition building and direct service, and the curriculum draws on a decade of rigorous research RCLA has conducted with award-winning social change organizations about the essential role these nonprofits play in an informed and engaged civil society. Interactive workshops are paired with site visits throughout New York City, offering participants a robust understanding of both the theory and practice of leadership and social change.
Participants emerge with an understanding of social change leadership, a plan for taking action in their school or community, and a network of other advocates committed to social justice.
What to Expect from President Obama's Second Term - Jan. 17
Paul Light, NYU Wagner’s Paulette Goddard Professor of Public Service, will lead a lively and informative exchange on the expectations and goals of President Barack Obama’s second term on Thursday, Jan. 17, at 5:00 p. m. in Washington D.C.
“Executing a Second Term” will feature former presidential advisors Thomas F. McLarty and Kenneth M. Duberstein, and will take place at New York University's Abramson Family Auditorium at 1307 L Street NW. The event - free and open to the public - is sponsored by NYU Washington, D.C. and the University's John Brademas Center for the Study of Congress.
Professor Light is founding principal investigator of NYU’s Global Center for Public Service and the author of 25 books, including works on social entrepreneurship, the nonprofit sector, federal government reform, public service, and the baby boom. Kenneth Duberstein is chairman and CEO of the Duberstein Group, an independent strategic planning and consulting company, and was chief of staff to President Ronald Reagan in 1988 and 1989. Thomas "Mack" McLarty III is president of McLarty Associates, an international advisory firm based in Washington, and was chief of staff to President Bill Clinton in 1993 and 1994.
Registration is required - please visit http://www.nyu.edu/brademas/programs.events/.
Resources for Your Leadership Resolutions
Do your resolutions for this year include more leadership, learning and collaboration? The Research Center for Leadership in Action's most popular resources can help you develop yourself and those around you through transformational learning and leadership. They include insights on how to:
- Develop leaders and a leadership culture
- Nurture diverse and inclusive leadership
- Create breakthrough learning experiences
- Build personal and organizational resilience
- Host lively, interactive events
- Make research and evaluation participatory
Access the resources now.
Prof. Brian Elbel Awarded Grant to Evaluate Large Sugary Drink Ban
Brian Elbel, assistant professor of medicine and health policy with NYU Wagner and the NYU School of Medicine, has been awarded a grant from the New York State Health Foundation to evaluate New York City’s new policy limiting the sale of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB’s) to servings of 16 ounces or less at restaurants and other food-service establishments.
This is the first large-scale, population-level policy to target SSB consumption in the US, and it is unknown how consumers and suppliers will respond.
The project will examine the influence of the policy on calorie purchasing and consumption at fast food restaurants, where the majority of SSBs subject to the policy are sold. Additionally, it will examine the impact on total daily calories consumed by fast food consumers. Data collection will include point of purchase receipt collection and surveys from fast food restaurant consumers, along with follow-up 24 hour dietary recalls with these same consumers.
To control for secular trends data will be collected from two areas of New Jersey statistically matched to NYC as non-treated comparison communities. This grant supports collection of baseline data, before the policy is implemented.
Two Reports Based on Wagner-hosted Dialogue on NYC Retiree Benefits are Published
Earlier this year, NYU Wagner partnered with New York City Public Advocate Bill De Blasio and his office’s nonprofit Fund for Public Advocacy as well as the New York Community Trust to support a rigorous public dialogue about City pensions, retiree health care expenses, and other long-term public obligations and liabilities.
Wagner hosted two of the three forums, which were moderated by New York Times metro columnist Michael Powell and included experts in state and local financal management, including Dan Smith, assistant professor of public budgeting and financial management at Wagner.
To read a just-published summary of the discussions, entitled “Balancing New York’s Fiscal Responsibilities: A Report and Roadmap for Action,” visit here.
You will also find a backgrounder (a companion booklet supported by the Peter G. Peterson Foundation) concerning the size of government and the changing cost, design, and affordability of the City's and State's retirement benefits: “Balancing New York’s Fiscal Responsibilities: Public Employee Pensions & Retiree Health Care Costs.”
NYU Wagner Partners with NYC in "Reinvent Payphones Design Challenge"
Today the City of New York manages over 11,000 payphone kiosks – but the way that New Yorkers share information is changing rapidly. In order to modernize this powerful communications infrastructure, the City is hosting Reinvent Payphones, a public design challenge that seeks to rally urban designers, planners, technologists, and policy experts to create physical and/or virtual prototypes that imagine the future of payphones. NYU Wagner and the NYU Tisch School of the Arts are partnering with the Bloomberg administration to promote the Reinvent Payphones Design Challenge to a wide range of talented and forward-thinking students and faculty in a number of local universities.
Have ideas on how New York City can reinvent payphones to create a safer, healthier, more sustainable, accessible and informed city? Submit your prototype by February 18th and you could help to shape the City’s future.
Foreign Policy Magazine Names Prof. Beth Noveck on Its List of "Top Global Thinkers"
NYU Wagner Visiting Professor Beth Noveck is featured in the December issue of Foreign Policy magazine as one of the “Top 100 Global Thinkers 2012,” and joins five others at New York University also recognized on the magazine's list -- including: Danah Boyd of Steinhardt, Chen Guangcheng of the School of Law, and, from Stern, Jonathan Haidt, Paul Romer, and Nouriel Roubini.
Professor Noveck’s book, Wiki Government: How Technology Can Make Government Better, Democracy Stronger, and Citizens More Powerful, has been translated into Russian, Arabic and Chinese. According to the Foreign Policy profile: “Open government isn't built in a day, or one presidential term, for that matter. But if the initiatives she [Noveck] has set in motion – from the National Archives dashboard for citizen archivists to the Department of Health and Human Services website for comparing insurance options –are any indication, Noveck has arguably done more than anyone to lay the foundations for a Washington that feels less like a cloistered village and more like an online public square.”
Professor Noveck served in the White House as the first U.S. Deputy Chief Technology Officer and as founder and director of the White House Open Government Initiative (2009-11). She has served as an advisor to UK Prime Minister David Cameron on how technology can better employ technology in the public sector. She also served on the 2008 Obama-Biden transition team and was a volunteer advisor to the Obama for America campaign on issues of technology, innovation, and government reform. She focuses her scholarship, activism, and teaching on the future of democracy in the 21st century. Specifically, her work addresses how we can use technology to create more open and collaborative government. With a grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, she is collaborating with colleagues to create a research network on the impact of technology on democratic institutions.
She will be a featured guest at a Foreign Policy gala on November 29 in Washington, D.C.
NYU Wagner Student Chosen to Receive NHHF's Health Professional Student Scholarship
Christopher Nolan, a student at NYU Wagner, has been chosen to receive the National Hispanic Health Foundation's 2012 Health Professional Student Scholarship, and will be honored at the Ninth Annual New York Hispanic Health Professional Student Scholarship Gala Dinner on Nov. 29. The $5,000 scholarship is part of the Foundation's goal of recognizing and rewarding dental, medical, nursing, public health, and policy students who exhibit exceptional academic performance, leadership, and commitment to the Hispanic community. The National Hispanic Health Foundation (NHHF) is located at the New York Academy of Medicine and affiliated with NYU Wagner.
Christopher is in the MPA/Health Policy & Management program at Wagner and is Vice President of Operations for the Wagner Student Association. His specialization is Health Services Management.
Click here to view photos from the event.
RCLA Accepting Applications for Global Social Change Leadership Institute 2013
University and graduate students and recent college graduates from around the globe can develop the practical knowledge and skills to advance social justice in their communities through RCLA’s summer program from July 7-19, 2013.
Through interactive workshops and site visits throughout New York City, participants learn from leaders at the forefront of policy reform and advocacy, coalition building and direct service. Participants strengthen their leadership ability and skills, learn about cutting-edge research on leadership and social change, and see firsthand what makes organizations at the forefront of advancing social justice successful. They emerge with an action plan for making meaningful change in their communities and a network of other committed changemakers working in a variety of international contexts.
The deadline to apply for Early Admission is 12:00pm EST on February 15, 2013.
Group Facilitation Training in NYC, November/December 2012
Group facilitation methods of the Technology of Participation (ToP) are part of the NYU Wagner course "Innovative Leadership for Sustainable Human Development." Students and faculty can now learn more of the Technology of Participation (ToP) here in NYC this Fall.
Developed over 40 years by the Institute of Cultural Affairs (www.ICA-USA.org) to engage stakeholders in grassroots village settings, ToP methods are now used in organizational, business and government settings around the globe. The methods are relevant to people who work with groups that need highlevel participation to be effective, including managers and supervisors; executive directors and board members; facilitators and trainers; educators and health practitioners; and active citizens and community workers. Unproductive conflict disappears, groups create their own motivation, personal commitment and increased productivity becomes a norm, and tangible results appear more quickly.
Technology of Participation NYC (www.NYCTOP.org) is offering two trainings for Fall 2012: ToP Facilitation Methods (TFM): Nov 28-29 (W-Th) and ToP Strategic Planning (TSP) Facilitation: Dec 1-2 (Sa-Su). For course info & registration go to: http://www.top.ica-usa.org/eventcat.php?id=1 Registrar: email@example.com for local information and answers to questions.