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Context Sensitive Solutions in Large Central Cities
On June 19 - June 20, 2003, the Rudin Center hosted a peer-to-peer exchange session, funded by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and supported by the National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO), on context sensitive design/solutions (CDS/S) in large central cities. Participants at the session were drawn from departments of transportation or public works in nine major cities (Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, Miami, Minneapolis, New York City, and Philadelphia) and three states (Illinois, Maryland, and New York). Representatives also attended from the American Association of State and Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO), the Association of Metropolitan Planning Organizations (AMPO), and FHWA. Representatives from the NACTO cities agreed that understanding CSD/S and sharing lessons learned and best practices is important for central cities and that because of their unique role in the nation's economy and society there is something fundamentally different about large central cities that renders illustrations from less urbanized areas insufficient. The goal of the session was to lay a foundation for dealing with standards, processes, and the implementation of context sensitive solutions and to identify specific examples that could be used as benchmarks for lessons learned and best practices.
Dividing the Pie: Placing the Transportation Donor-Donee Debate in PerspectiveMark Seaman,
Disparities in the financial flows between the federal government and the states have been a source of contention for several decades as states seek to receive what they consider an equitable share of federal funding. How to define "equitable" is a source of debate in itself, but one that cannot even begin to be addressed until specific facts and figures are known. A series of reports, referred to as the "Fisc reports" have gone a long way to providing such data and have shown, for example, that New York's total balance of payments deficit with the federal government in FY99 was the fourth largest in the country, behind California, Illinois, and New Jersey. In non-defense discretionary spending, which includes transportation, New York ranked 41 out of the 50 states. However, the category of non-defense discretionary spending includes numerous Federal programs in agriculture, education, environmental protection, housing, and national parks as well as transportation. The goal of this project was to assess New York's proportional share of federal funding specifically for transportation and, in particular, transit. Conducted over a period of six months, beginning in November 2002, the study resulted in Dividing the Pie: Placing the Transportation Donor-Donee Debate in Perspective, by Mark Seaman and Allison L. C. de Cerreño, which provides an accurate picture of the status of federal funding to the states.
On-Street Parking StudyAllison de Cerreno, Co-Director
Funded by the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration, as part of its Metropolitan Capacity Building Program, the goals of this study were four-fold: (1) to identify and review comprehensively on-street parking policies and management practices in large cities; (2) to determine the impact that parking has on transportation, development, and land-use; (3) to recommend best practice strategies for parking in large cities; and, (4) to facilitate a practical exchange between cities of information to improve parking policy and management. Conducted by the Rudin Center's Co-Director, Allison L. C. de Cerreño, the study involved a literature review, a questionnaire to which nine large central cities responded, and a peer-to-peer exchange session. The resulting report makes a significant contribution to the literature on on-street parking and outlines best practices to be shared with city officials around the country.
Intelligent Transportation SystemsHenry Peyrebrune, Visiting Scholar
Through the same request and appropriation as the EJ project, the Rudin Center also undertook a study of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) with the purpose of providing a comprehensive review of how they relate to New York State transportation programs and policy. The study was led by Henry Peyrebrune, a Rudin Center Visiting Scholar. Phase I painted, in broad brush strokes, a picture of the various ITS activities around the state and outlined 10 key issues for further research; Phase II focused in on three of those issues: (1) the use of ITS for national and state security in light of the terrorists attacks of 9/11/01; (2) institutional issues regarding information sharing and program coordination; and, (3) ITS as a safety and enforcement tool, with a case study on increased truck traffic at the Hunts Point Market in the Bronx.