The curricular resources listed here are articles, case studies and scholarly works used in the classroom by NYU-Wagner's transportation and infrastructure faculty. The Rudin Center choses to provide these materials to make these important readings and tools known and accessible to all students, scholars, practitioners and lay-people interested in transportation and issues surrounding transportation.
Essential Planning Books
- Jacobs, Jane. The Death and Life of Great American Cities (1961)
- Caro, Robert. The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York (1975)
Course: History and Theory of Planning. Full Syllabi here and here.
- Estache, Antonio, 2001. "Privatization and Regulation of Transport Infrastructure in the 1990s," The World Bank Research Observer, 16(1): 85-107
- Jackson, Kenneth T. 1985. "Chapter 2: The Transportation Revolution and the Erosion of the Walking City," in Jackson, Kenneth, Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 20-44.
- Brown, Jeffrey. "From Traffic Regulation to Limited Ways: The Effort to Build a Science of
Transportation Planning," Journal of Planning History 5/1 (Feb. 2006), 3‐34. (E‐
- John D. Fairfield, The Mysteries of the Great City. The Politics of Urban Design 1877
1937 (Columbus, Ohio, 1993). Chap. 3, "From Rapid Transit to City Planning: Social
Efficiency and the New Urban Discipline," and Chap. 4, "The Professionalization of City
Planning and the Scientific Management of Urban Space."
Course: Urban Economics. Full Syllabus here
- World Bank, "Dynamic Cities as Engines of Economic Growth," Entering the 21st Century: World Development Reporter, 1999-2000, pp. 125-138.
- Bertaud, Alain, "The Spatial Organization of Cities: Deliberate Outcome orUnforeseen Consequence?" Institute of Urban and Regional Development, University of California at Berkeley, Working Paper 2004-01, pp. 1-16.
- Glaeser, Edward L., and Matthew E. Kahn, "Decentralized Employment and the Transformation of the American City." Brookings-Wharton Papers onUrban Affairs 2001: pp. 1-63.
- Mieszkowski, Peter, and Edwin S. Mills, "The Causes of Metropolitan Suburbanization," Journal of Economic Perspectives 7(1993): 135-147.
- Glaeser, Edward, Matthew Kahn, and Jordan Rappaport, "Why Do the Poor Live in Cities?" NBER Working Paper (April 2000), Cambridge, MA: NBER
Course: Introduction to Urban Design. Full Syllabus here.
- Bacon, Edmund, N. (1969 / rev.1976). Design of Cities. New York: Penguin Books Ltd
- Jacobs, Allan B. Great Streets. Boston. MIT Press (1993)
Course: Planning Practice and Methods. Full Syllabus here.
- City Car Share, and Nelson/Nygaard, "Getting More with Less: Managing Residential Parking in Urban Developments with Carsharing and Unbundling." January 2009
- Buhl, Soren, Bent Flyvbjerg, and Mette K. Skamris Holm, "How (In)accurate Are Demand Forecasts In Public Works Projects? The Case of Transportation." Journal of the American Planning Association,Vol. 71, No. 2, Spring 2005.
- Meyer, Michael D., and Eric J. Miller, "Urban transportation planning: a decision-oriented approach." McGraw-Hill (1984)
Course: Building Green Housing and Sustainable Communities. Full Syllabus here.
- B. Lipman, "A Heavy Load: The Combined Housing and Transportation Burdens of Working Families." Center for Housing Policy. October 2006
Course: Transportation, Land Use, and Urban Form. Full Syllabus here.
- Muller, Peter O. 2004. "Transportation and Urban Form: Stages in the Spatial Evolution of the American Metropolis," in The Geography of Urban Transportation, Third Edition, Susan Hanson and Genevieve Giuliano, Editors. New York: The Guilford Press.
- Jones, David. 1985. "Transit's Growth and Decline: A Play in Eight Acts," in Urban Transit Policy: An Economic and Political History. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
- Foster, Mark. 1975. "The Model-T, the Hard Sell, and Los Angeles' Urban Growth: The Decentralization of Los Angeles during the 1920s," in Pacific Historical Review, 44(4), pages 459-484.
- Hall, Peter. 1996. "The City on the Highway," in Cities of Tomorrow, Updated Edition, Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers. Pages 273-318.
- Giuliano, Genevieve. 1989. "New Directions for Understanding Transportation and Land Use," in Environment and Planning A, 21, pages 145-159.
- Pickrell, Don. 1999. "Transportation and Land Use," in Essays in Transportation Economics and Policy: A Handbook in Honor of John R. Meyer, Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, pages 403-435.
- Giuliano, Genevieve. 2004. "Land Use Impacts of Transportation Investments: Highway and Transit," in The Geography of Urban Transportation, Third Edition, Susan Hanson and Genevieve Giuliano, Editors. New York: The Guilford Press. Pages 237-273.
- Downs, Anthony. 2004. "Remedies That Increase Densities," in Still Stuck in Traffic: Coping with Peak-Hour Traffic Congestion. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution. Pages 200-227.
- Crane, Randall. 2000. "The Influence of Urban Form on Travel: An Interpretive Review,"Journal of Planning Literature, 15(1): 3-23.
- Willson, Richard W. 1995. "Suburban Parking Requirements: A Tacit Policy for Automobile Use and Sprawl," in Journal of the American Planning Association, 61:1. Pages 29-42.
- Burton, Elizabeth. 2000. "The Compact City: Just or Just Compact? A Preliminary Analysis,"Urban Studies, 37(11): 1969-2001.
- Blumenberg, Evelyn. 2004. "En-gendering Effective Planning: Spatial Mismatch, LowIncome Women, and Transportation Policy," Journal of the American Planning Association,70(3), pages 269-281.
- Hess, Daniel Baldwin. 2009. "Access to Public Transit and Its Influence on Ridership for Older Adults in Two U.S. Cities," in Journal of Transportation and Land Use, 2(1), pages 3-27.
- Handy, S., M. Boarnet, R. Ewing, and R. Killingsworth. 2002. "How The Built Environment Affects Physical Activity: Views from Urban Planning," in American Journal of Preventative Medicine 23, 64-73.
- Kenworthy, Jeffrey R., and Felix B. Laube. 1999. "Patterns of automobile dependence in cities: an international overview of key physical and economic dimensions with some implications for urban policy," Transportation Research, Part A, 33: 691-723.
- Committee for an International Comparison of National Policies and Expectations Affecting Public Transit. 2001. "Transit Use, Automobility, and Urban Form: Comparative Trends and Patterns," Making Transit Work: Insight from Western Europe, Canada, and the United States. Transportation Research Board Special Report 257. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. Pages 17-64.
- Ng, Wei-Shiuen, Lee Schipper, and Yang Chen. 2010. "Chine Motorization Trends: New Directions for Crowded Cities," in Journal of Transportation and Land Use, 3(3), pages 5-25
- Ewing, Reid, Rolf Pendall, and Don Chen. 2003. Measuring Sprawl and Its Impact.Washington, DC: Smart Growth America.
- Bruegmann, Robert. 2008. "Point: Sprawl and Accessibility," in Journal of Transportation and Land Use, 1(1), pages 5-11.
- Crane, Randall. 2008. "Counterpoint: Accessibility and Sprawl," in Journal of Transportationand Land Use, 1(1), pages 13-19.
- Southworth, Michael and Eran Ben-Joseph. 2004. "Reconsidering the Cul-de-sac," Access,24: 28-33
- Congress for the New Urbanism. 2001. "Charter of the New Urbanism." Chicago: Congress for the New Urbanism.
- Talen, Emily. 2008. "New Urbanism, Social Equity, and the Challenge of Post-Katrina Rebuilding in Mississippi," in Journal of Planning Education and Research, 27: 277-293.
- Cervero, Robert and Cathleen Sullivan. 2011. "TODs for Tots," in Planning. February2011.
- Transportation Research Board. 2009. Driving and the Built Environment: The Effects of Compact Development on Motorized Travel, Energy Use, and CO2 Emissions. Special Report 298. Washington, DC: Transportation Research Board. Only Summary Required Reading.
- Janelle, Donald G. 2004. "Impact of Information Technologies," in The Geography of Urban Transportation, Third Edition, Susan Hanson and Genevieve Giuliano, Editors. New York: The Guilford Press. Pages 86-112.
- Baumbach Jr., Richard O. and William E. Borah (1981). The Second Battle of New Orleans: A History of the Vieux Carre Riverfront Expressway Controversy. Birmingham: University of Alabama Press.
- Barrett, Paul (1983). The Automobile and Urban Transit: The Formation of Public Policy in Chicago, 1900-1930. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
- Berger, Michael L. (1979). The Devil Wagon in God's Country: The Automobile and Social Change in Rural America, 1893-1929. Hamden, CT: Archon Books.
- Bottles, Scott L. (1987). Los Angeles and the Automobile: The Making of a Modern City. Berkeley: Universityof California Press.
- Brilliant, Ashleigh (1989). The Great Car Craze: How Southern California Collided with the Automobile in the 1920s. Santa Barbara: Woodbridge Press.
- Brodsly, David (1981). L.A. Freeway: An Appreciative Essay. Berkeley: The University of California Press.
- Bruegmann, Robert (2005). Sprawl: A Compact History. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Cervero, Robert (1986). Suburban Gridlock. New Brunswick: Center for Urban Policy Research.
- Crane, Randall and Marlon Boarnet (2000). Travel by Design: The Influence of Urban Form on Travel. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Cudahy, Brian J. (1990). Cash, Tokens, and Transfers: A History of Urban Mass Transit in North America. New York: Fordham University Press.
- Davies, Pete. (2002). American Road: The Story of an Epic Transcontinental Journey at the Dawn of the MotorAge. New York: Henry Holt.
- Fischler, Stanley I. (1979). Moving Millions: An Inside Look at Mass Transit. New York: Harper and Row.
- Flink, James J. (1970). America Adopts the Automobile: 1895-1910. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
- Flink, James J. (1975). The Car Culture. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
- Flink, James J. (1988). The Automobile Age. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
- Foster, Mark S. (1981). From Streetcar to Superhighway: American City Planners and Urban Transportation, 1900-1940. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
- Gakenheimer, Ralph (1976). Transportation Planning as Response to Controversy: The Boston Case.Cambridge: The MIT Press.
- Gilbert, Gorman and Robert Samuels (1982). The Taxicab: An Urban Transportation Survivor. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.
- Hamer, Andrew N. (1976). The Selling of Rail Rapid Transit. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
- Jones, David W., Jr. (1985). Urban Transit Policy: An Economic and Political History. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
- Jones, David W., Jr. (1989). California's Freeway Era in Historical Perspective. Berkeley: Institute of Transportation Studies.
- Kenworthy, Jeffery R., Felix B. Laube, with Peter Newman, et al. 1999. An international sourcebook of automobile dependence in cities, 1960-1990. Boulder, CO: University Press of Colorado.
- Lupo, Alan, Frank Colcord, and Edmund P. Fowler (1971). Rites of Way: The Politics of Transportation in Boston and the U.S. City. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company.
- McShane, Clay (1994). Down the Asphalt Path: the Automobile and the American City. New York: Columbia University Press.
- Mogridge, Martin J. H. (1990). Travel in Towns: Jam Yesterday, Jam Today, and Jam Tomorrow?. London and Basingstoke: McMillian Reference Books.
- Newman, Peter and Jeffrey Kenworthy. 1999. Sustainability and cities: Overcoming automobile dependence. Washington, DC: Island Press. Pages 68-127.
- Oppel, Frank (1989). Motoring in America: The Early Years. Secaucus, NJ: Castle Books.
- Post, Robert C. (1989). Street Railways and the Growth of Los Angeles: Horse, Cable, Electric Lines. San Marino: Golden West Books.
- Preston, Howard L. (1979). Automobile Age in Atlanta: The Making of a Southern Metropolis. Athens: University of Georgia Press.
- Pucher, John and Christian Lefevre (1996). The Urban Transport Crisis in Europe and North America. London: Macmillan
- Richmond, Jonathan (2004). Transport of Delight: The Mythical Conception of Rail Transit in Los Angeles. Akron: University of Akron Press.
- Rimmer, Peter (1986). Riksha to Rapid Transit: Urban Public Transport Systems and Public Policy in Southeast Asia. Sydney: Pergamon Press.
- Rose, Mark H. (1979). Interstate Express Highway Politics: 1941-1956. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press.
- Schaeffer, K.H. and Elliott Sclar (1980). Access for All: Transportation and Urban Growth. New York: Columbia University Press.
- Seely, Bruce E. (1987). Building the American Highway System: Engineers as Policy makers. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
- Sutter, P.S. and W. Cronin. (2002). Driven Wild: How the Fight Against Automobiles Launched the Modern Wilderness Movement. University of Washington Press.
- Taebel, Delbert A. and James V. Cornehls (1977). The Political Economy of Urban Transportation. Port Washington and London: Kennikat Press.
- Vance, James E. Jr. (1990). Capturing the City: The Historical Geography of Transportation Since the Sixteenth Century. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
- Vuchic, Vukan R. (1999). Transportation for Livable Cities. New Brunswick: Center for Urban Policy Research, Rutgers University.
- Warner Jr., Sam Bass (1962). Streetcar Suburbs: The Process of Growth in Boston, 1870-1900. Cambridge: Harvard University Press and MIT Press.
- Whitt, J. Allen (1982). Urban Elites and Mass Transportation: The Dialectics of Power. Princeton: PrincetonUniversity Press.
- Wright, Charles L. (1992). Slow Wheels, Fast Traffic: Urban Transport Choices. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.
- Zwerling, Stephen (1974). Mass Transit and the Politics of Technology: A Study of BART and the San Francisco Bay Area. New York: Praeger Publishers
Course: Public Policy and Planning in New York City. Full Syllabus here.
- Sustainable Streets: Strategic Plan for the New York City Department of Transportation, 2008 and Beyond, www.nyc.gov/dot
- Necessity or Choice? Why People Drive in Manhattan, Prepared for Transportation Alternatives, September, 2005, Schaller Consulting.
- The City of New York, PLANYC: A Greener, Greater New York, http://www.nyc.gov/html/planyc2030/html/downloads/the-plan.shtml
- Queens Chamber of Commerce, A Cure Worse than the Disease: How London's "Congestion Pricing" System Could Hurt New York City's Economy. February, 2006.http://www.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/nyregion/empire_zone/20070425_congestion.pdf
- Transportation Alternatives, Streets to Live By: How Livable street design can bring economic, health and quality of life benefits to New York City, August, 2008. www.transalt.org
Course: Transportation Policy.
- Buehler, Ralph, John Pucher, and Uwe Kunert (April 2009). "Making Transportation Sustainable: Insights from Germany." Prepared for the Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy Program
- Holtzclaw, John W. "Smart Growth -- As Seen From the Air Convenient Neighborhood, Skip the Car" Presented at the Air & Waste Management Association's 93rd Annual Meeting & Exhibition, 23 June 2000, Salt LakeCity, Utah.
- Cervero, Robert, and Mark Hansen"Induced Travel Demand and Induced Road Investment: A Simultaneous Equation Analysis"
Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, Volume 36, Part 3, September 2002, pp. 469-490
- Mohl, Raymond A. (2002) "The Interstates and the Cities: Highways, Housing, and the Freeway Revolt" Working Paper. Department of History, University of Alabama at Birmingham. Poverty and Race Research Action Council
- Puentes, Robert. (2008) "A Bridge to Somewhere: Rethinking American Transportation for the 21st Century Transportation, Federalism, Highways, Traffic, Environment." Metropolitan Policy Program, The Brookings Institution. http://www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/reports/2008/06_transportation_puentes/06_transportation_puentes_report.pdf
- Utt, Ronald D., Ph.D "Chairman Oberstar's Transportation Plan: A Costly Exercise in Social Engineering." The Heritage Foundation. Backgrounder. No. 2348. December 10, 2009
- Moore, Terry. "Congestion, VMT, and Public Policy Discussion Paper for a Transportation Symposium" National Center for Smart Growth, Research and Education. November 2009.
- Cortright, Joe. "Driven to the Brink: How the Gas Price Spike Popped the Housing Bubble and Devalued the Suburbs" White Paper. CEOs for Cities. May 2008
- Cortright, Joe. "Walking the Walk: How Walkability Raises Home Values in U.S. Cities." CEOs for Cities. August 2009.
- Freece, John W. (2008) "Sprawl and Politics: The Inside Story of Smart Growth in Maryland." Albany: State University of New York Press
- E.d. Whitelegg, John "At the Frontiers of Cycling: Policy Innovations in the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany" Eco-Logica Ltd.World Transport Policy & Practice. Volume 13, Number 3.
- "Challenge of State and Local Funding Constraints on Transit Systems: Effects on Service, Fares, Employment and Ridership" American Public Transportation Association. June 2009.
- Cervero, Robert. "Accessible Cities and Regions: A Framework for Sustainable Transport and Urbanism in the 21st Century. Working Paper UCB-ITS-VWP-2005-3. UC Berkeley Center for Future Urban Transport. August 2005.
- Gelinas, Nicole. "Transit for Tomorrow: The MTA's labor costs are crowding out money for a twenty-first-century system." City Journal. July 8, 2009
- Halsey III, Ashley. "Racking up miles? Maybe not." Washington Post. February 7, 2010
- Schaller, Bruce. "New York City's Congestion Pricing Experience and Implications for Road Pricing Acceptance in the United States." New York City Department of Transportation, Office of Planning and Sustainability. November 16, 2009
- Ecola, Lisa, Paul Sorensen, Martin Wachs, Max Donath, Lee Munnich, and Betty Serian. "Implementable Strategies for Shifting to Direct Usage-Based Charges for Transportation Funding" National Cooperative Highway Research Program. Transportation Board of the National Academies. NCHRP Project 20-24(69). June 2009
- Schley, Frank. "Urban Trnasport Strategy Review: Experiences from Germany and Zurich." Dutsche Gesellschaft Fur Technische Zusammenatbeit (GTZ). January 2001
- E.d. Whitelegg, John. "World Transport Policy and Practice. Special Edition: Transportation in China." Volume 12, Number 4. Eco-Logica Ltd. 2006.
- "2008 Traffic Safety Culture Index" AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety. April 2008.
- Winkelman, Steve, Allison Bishins and Chuck Kooshian "Cost-Effective GHG Reductions through Smart Growth & Improved Transportation Choices: An economic case for investment of cap-and-trade revenues." Center for Clean Air Policy Transportation and Climate Change Program. June 2009
- Rosenzweig, Cynthia, et.al. "Climate Risk Information: New York City Panel on Climate Change." February 2007.
Course: Globalizing Social Activism: Sustainable Development in Urban Areas. Full Syllabus here.
- Soubbotina, Tatyana P. "Beyond Economic Growth An Introduction to Sustainable Development" 2nd Edition. The World Bank,Washington, D.C. Available for download at: http://www.worldbank.org/depweb/english/beyond/global/index.html
Course: Sustainable Cities in Comparative Perspective. Full Syllabus here.
- E.d Wheeler, Stephen M., and Timothy Beatley. "The Sustainable Urban Development Reader" 2nd Edition. Routledge. 2008.
- Portney, Kent E. "Taking Sustainable Cities Seriously." The MIT Press. 2003.
Course: International Development Project Planning. Full Syllabus here.
- G. Jenkins, A. Harberger et al. "Integrated Appraisal of Investment Projects : Concepts and Practice." Cambridge Resources International (2004)
Course: Conflict Management in Planning. Full Syllabus here.
- "Current Practices in the Use of Alternative Dispute Resolution," Legal Research Digest 50; Washington, D.C.: Transportation Research Board; October 2008
- "Public Involvement Techniques," Washington, D.C.: U.S. Dept of Transportation – Federal Highway Administration/Federal Transit Administration; 2009; sections 1-3. http://www.planning.dot.gov/PublicInvolvement/pi_documents/toc-foreword.asp
Course: Adapting the Physical City: Innovations in Energy, Transportation and Water. Full Syllabus here.
- P. L. Schiller, E. C. Bruun and J. R. Kenworthy (2010) Introduction to Sustainable Transportation: Policy, Planning and Implementation, Earthscan, Washington DC
- William R. Black (2010) Sustainable Transportation. Problems and Solutions. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.
- P. A. Baisden (2003) "Renaissance for Nuclear Power?" in Organizing Committee for the Workshop on Energy and Transportation, NAS, ed., Energy and Transportation, Washington, DC: NAS, pp. 49-55 http://www.che.ncsu.edu/ILEET/CHE596web_Spr2010/resources/general/NRC_Energy%20and%20Transportation-2003.pd
- Bookstore: P.L. Schiller, E.C. Bruun and J.R. Kenworthy, An Introduction to Sustainable Transportation, Washington, DC: Earthscan, pp. 96100
- T. Beatley (2000) Chapter 4: "Transit Cities: Public Transport Innovations andPriorities," Green Urbanism, Washington, DC: Island Press, pp. 109-136.
- Mass Transit – Green Technologies (New York City) Internet & Blackboard: MTA (2009) Greening Mass Transit & Metro Regions. Final Report of the Blue Ribbon Commission on Sustainability and the MTA. New York, NY: The MTA. http://www.mta.info/sustainability/pdf/SustRptFinal.pdf
- Bus Rapid Transit (North America) John Niles and Lisa Callaghan (June 2010) From Buses to BRT: Case Studies of Incremental BRT Projects in North America, San Jose, CA: Mineta Transportation Institute, San Jose State University. http://www.reconnectingamerica.org/assets/Uploads/2010_bus2brt.pdf
- Cycling (Europe) John Pucher and Ralph Buehler (July 2008) Making Cycling Irresistible: Lessons from the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany," Transport Reviews, Vol. 28, No. 4 at http://www.policy.rutgers.edu/faculty/pucher/Irresistible.pdf.
- Cases: P.L. Schiller, E.C. Bruun and J.R. Kenworthy, An Introduction to Sustainable Transportation, Washington, DC: Earthscan, pp. 198; 203; 259-295.
- City of New York (April 2011) plaNYC. A Greener, Greater, NY. Transportation, pp. 86-99.
- Todd Litman with Rowan Steele (July 9, 2010) "Land Use Impacts on Transport: How Land Use Factors Affect Travel Behavior," Victoria Transport Policy Institute, http://www.vtpi.org/landtravel.pdf
- C.C. Bae (2004) "Transportation and the Environment," in S. Hanson and G. Giuliano, eds. The Geography of Urban Transportation 3rd
edition, New York, NY: Guilford, pp. 356-381.
- Michael Replogle (December 2007) "Does the Rubber meet the Road? Investigating the Alternatives to Congestion Pricing," NY: EDF. http://www.environmentaldefense.org/documents/7393_Alternatives_Congestion.pdf
- R. D. Bullard, ed. (2007) Growing Smarter. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Section III: Transportation Equity, pp. 215-320.
- USDOT, FHWA (May 2010) The National Bicycling and Walking Study: 15-Year Status Report http://drusilla.hsrc.unc.edu/cms/downloads/15-year_report.pdf
- Elisabeth Rosenthal (June 26, 2011), "Europe Stifles Drivers in Favor of Alternatives," The New York Times http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/27/science/earth/27traffic.html?hp
- Advances in roadway design and management: Smart Streets; Complete Streets; Ecological Corridor Strategies
- Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (2010) Sustainable Infrastructure Guidelines, New York, NY: PANYNJ
- P.L. Schiller, E.C. Bruun and J.R. Kenworthy, An Introduction to Sustainable Transportation, Washington, DC: Earthscan, pp. 25-46; 52-53; 63-73; 87-96; 100-111; 236-244.
- U.S. Congressional Research Service, "A Hydrogen Economy and Fuel Cell: An Overview," January 14, 2004. http://www.ncseonline.org/NLE/CRSreports/04Jan/RL32196.pdf
- NYC (January 2010) PlaNYC, "Exploring Electric Vehicle Adoption in NYC." http://www.nyc.gov/html/planyc2030/downloads/pdf/electric_vehicle_adoption_study_2010-02.pdf