Public & Nonprofit Orgs
Investigations Done Right and Wrong: Government by Investigation, 1945-2012
Brookings Institution Press, 2013.
Surveying the 100 most significant Congressional and presidential investigations of executive branch breakdowns between 1945 and 2012, Paul Light offers insight into those qualities that compose an “investigation done right.” Light’s research provides data into the quantity and quality of investigatory efforts in the modern era, as well as what these patterns reveal about what investigators can do to increase the odds that their work will pay off in improved government performance and more effective public policy.
Government by Investigation: Congress, President, and the Search for Answers, 1945–2012
The Brookings Institution Press, 2013.
Presidential and congressional investigations are particularly powerful tools for asking tough questions about highly visible, often complex government breakdowns, including: communist infiltration of government 1950s, the Vietnam War during the 1960s, Watergate and Central Intelligence Agency abuses during the 1970s, among 96 others covered in Government by Investigation, by Paul Light. Light, one of America’s premier authorities on public service and management, provides a deep assessment of what he has identified as the federal government’s one hundred most significant investigations since World War II.
The leadership task of prompting cognitive shifts: Shaping perceptions of issues and constituencies to achieve public service goals.
Public 18. (Published by ESADE Business School.)
Foldy, E.G., Goldman, L. & Ospina, S.
In summary, these exemplary non-profit organizations were often very strategic in how they framed problems, solutions and the people they served. This suggests that public organizations could also be more deliberate in their framing processes. Organizational leaders might want to talk explicitly about the shifts they are trying to create, and whether these fit together or act at cross purposes, in addition to how well they match the organization’s goals and mission. Prompting cognitive shifts is at the heart of public leadership.
Benefit-cost analysis for development projects: A basic introduction with applications to NGO projects in Viet Nam
Oxfam International, Vietnam.
Operations Management in Community-Based Nonprofit Organizations
In M. Johnson (Ed.), Community-Based Operations Research Volume 167, 2012, pp. 67-95 . Springer New York
Teaching Public Policy and Administration: Controversies and Directions
in Jabes, J. (ed) The Role of Public Administration in Alleviating Poverty and Improving Governance, Manila: Asian Development Bank, pp. 571-575.
Conclusion: Contradictions, contingencies and the terrain ahead.
Reasserting the Public in Public Services: New Public Management Reforms, Routledge.
Fritzen, Scott, Wu, X.
Discipline or democratize? Patterns of bureaucratic accountability in Southeast Asia.
International Journal of Public Administration 30: 1435–1457
Attempts to ‘regulate’ civil service personnel- to hold bureaucrats accountable, whether to politicians, the people, professional standards or the rule of law- are as old as the politician-bureaucrat relationship itself. Politicians and citizens throughout Southeast Asia are calling for greater bureaucratic accountability in a variety of country settings: one-party states and emerging democracies, and in countries with capable as well as rudimentary bureaucracies. This paper presents an analytical framework that unpacks the idioms used in common accountability reforms applied in Southeast Asian countries into four categories – ‘rules’, ‘watchdogs’, ‘culture’ and ‘re-engineering’ – and relates reform selection and implementation to country governance characteristics. The framework is used to identify reform opportunities, constraints and likely trajectories in the diverse Southeast Asian context.
Public Policy Education Goes Global: A Multidimensional Challenge
Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 27(1): 205-214.
There is little doubt that globalization, however defined, has hit the field of
professional policy education in the twenty years since APPAM’s Hiltonhead conference on the future of policy education first took stock of a largely American landscape. Despite the title of this session, the relevant development is not merely the accretion of public policy schools and programs around the world. It is the recognition of international dimensions of the policy education enterprise that, if taken seriously (and participants in this discussion argued that it must), promises to change the way we conduct business on multiple levels. This report of the lively discussion generated in the wake of Iris Geva-May and her coauthors’ stimulating conference paper1 explores why and how.
Envisioning public administration as a scholarly field in the year 2020: Toward global and comparative administrative theorizing
Public Administration Review
Running on Empty: The Operating Reserves of US Nonprofit Organizations
Nonprofit Management & Leadership 23(3): 281-302
Alternative Service Delivery: Does Nonprofit Financing Influence State Tax Burden?
Examining the Determinants of Nonprofit Accounting Basis Choice
Association for Budgeting and Financial Management
Examining the Determinants of Nonprofit Accounting Basis Choice
The Determinants of Nonprofit Net Assets
Faculty Research Seminar, School of Public Affairs
Why Do Nonprofits Retain Unrestricted Net Assets? Evidence from Panel Data, and Policy Implications
Association for Research on Nonprofit and Voluntary Action
IESP Brief: Public Funding for After-School Programs 1998-2008
Weinstein, M., Calabrese, T.
The authors of this policy brief document that in the decade since the Open Society Institute awarded a challenge grant to TASC to encourage the creation of sustainable public funding streams for after-school programs, every level of government has dramatically increased public funding for comprehensive after-school programs in New York City.
The authors note that the City of New York has contributed an increasingly larger share of public support since the city launched its Out-of-School Time Initiative to provide kids with academic, cultural and recreational activities after school and during summers. The authors estimate that eight times more kids in kindergarten through high school attend after-school programs today than in 1998. "Over the past ten years in New York City," they conclude, "public support for after-school programs has become one of the foundations of service for children and youth."
Public Pensions, Public Budgets, and the Risks of Pension Obligation Bonds
Society of Actuaries, Public Pension Finance Symposium
Budgeting is the core financial task in subnational governments. Although limited research has outlined the relationship between the annual operating budget and public pension funds, the existing literature has not considered the manner in which financial resources are measured within government budgets, how this measurement of resources might affect public budget decisions, and how the interaction of the budget with the actuarial model can lead public budget managers to engage in financially damaging transactions such as pension obligation bonds. This paper fills this void, and argues that the short-term nature of public budgeting coupled with the actuarial model's use of expected investment returns rather than a market discount rate for pension liability measurement causes governments to shift risk to future generations. This paper also recommends that a blended discount rate for pension liabilities be considered more appropriate when governments fund their annual pension expenditures using debt rather than equity (such as tax revenues).
Pension Obligation Bonds: Financial Crisis Exposes Risks (Brief Number 9 in State and Local Pension Plans Series ed.)
Center for Retirement Research at Boston College
Munnell, A., Calabrese, T., Monk, A., Aubry, J.-P
The brief’s key findings are:
- Some state and local governments issue Pension Obligation Bonds (POBs) to raise cash to cover their required pension contributions.
- POBs allow governments to avoid increasing taxes in bad times and could reduce pension costs, but they pose considerable risks.
- Those who issue POBs are often fiscally stressed and not well-positioned to handle the investment risk.
Do Donors Penalize Nonprofits with Wealth Accumulations?
Public Administration Review 71(6): 859-869