Furman Center

Professors Receive MacArthur Grant to Help Study Impact of Foreclosures on Children

Professors Receive MacArthur Grant to Help Study Impact of Foreclosures on Children

The MacArthur Foundation has announced support for a multi-disciplinary, cross-university set of researchers, including three from NYU Wagner, to study the enormous instability in the housing arrangements of many American families over the last decade, and the impact of this instability on children.

According to the researchers, "policymakers know surprisingly little about how such instability affects children, and therefore are hampered in their ability to craft responses." The project approved for Foundation support aims to fill these gaps and provide better guidance to federal, state, and local housing and education officials, community organizations, and elected officials about the benefits of housing stability.

The three Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service professors working on the project are:

Ingrid Gould Ellen, professor of public policy and urban planning, and faculty co-director of the Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy, a joint initiative of NYU Wagner and the School of Law.

Amy Ellen Schwartz, professor of public policy, education, and economics, and director of the Institute for Education and Social Policy at NYU. She also teaches at NYU Steinhardt.

Leanna Stiefel, professor of economics, and associate director of Institute for Education and Social Policy, who also teaches at Steinhardt.

The trio's co-PI's include:

Vicki Been, Boxer Family Professor of Law, New York University, and faculty director of the Furman Center, and the principal investigator on this project; David Figlio, professor of education and social policy at Northwestern University; Ashlyn Aiko Nelson, assistant professor at Indiana University's School of Public and Environmental Affairs; and Stephen L. Ross, professor of economics at the University of Connecticut.

The co-investigators note that, to date, some research has examined how residential moves affect children's educational outcomes, but the research has been limited by concerns that effects attributed to moves cannot be separated from those of unobserved characteristics of the families that move and of the neighborhoods to which they move.

Further, existing research does not adequately distinguish between types of housing moves: those that the family plans versus those that are more involuntary; those that involve only a change in housing versus those that take the child to a new neighborhood or school; or those that place the child in better neighborhoods or schools versus those that do not.

Using longitudinal data linking foreclosures and other kinds of housing upheavals to individual public school student records in four major markets that are suffering from unusual housing instability-New York City, and the counties of San Diego and Fresno in California and Pinellas County in Florida - Professors Ellen, Schwartz, Stiefel and their co-investigators will test the hypothesis that housing instability negatively affects students' educational outcomes.

In addition, they we will assess whether any effect that housing instability has on children differs by the child's race or the predominant race of the neighborhood in which the child lives or to which the child moves, and if so, what explains those differences.

The research grant was announced as part of a group of nine new MacArthur Foundation grants totaling $5.6 million for explorations of the role that housing plays in the long-term health and well-being of children, families, and communities.


Real Estate and Urban Policy Center Joins Wagner School's Roster of Research Resources

Real Estate and Urban Policy Center Joins Wagner School's Roster of Research Resources

The Furman Center For Real Estate and Urban Policy is now a joint research center between the NYU School of Law and the Wagner School announced Wagner Dean Jo Ivey Boufford and Professor Michael Schill, the Center's director and a faculty member with joint appointments at the Law School and Wagner.

Recovery, Rebuilding & A Memorial: What do New Yorkers Think? Citizens Gather at Forum Co-Sponsored by NYU to Discuss and Vote on Their Approaches to Rebuilding New York

Recovery, Rebuilding & A Memorial: What do New Yorkers Think? Citizens Gather at Forum Co-Sponsored by NYU to Discuss and Vote on Their Approaches to Rebuilding New York


Over 600 citizens came together on February 7, 2002, at the South Street Seaport in Manhattan to discuss their ideas about the vision and values that should drive the recovery and rebuilding of downtown New York City in the wake of the destruction of the World Trade Center. They included those affected most directly by the September 11th disaster –survivors, families of victims, and downtown Manhattan workers, residents and small business owners – and police officers, firefighters, students and parents as well as foundation and NGO leaders and elected and appointed government officials.

Entitled “Listening to the City”, the forum was co-sponsored by members of the Civic Alliance to Rebuild Downtown New York, a program of the Regional Plan Association, New York University’s Wagner Graduate School of Public Service (Center for Excellence in New York City Governance, Institute of Civil Infrastructure Systems, and the Rudin Center for Transportation Policy and Management), the School of Law, and the Furman Center For Real Estate and Urban Policy.

Using “electronic town meeting” tools – wireless laptop computers, polling keypads and trained facilitators from AmericaSpeaks – participants talked about the impact of September 11th; the economic, social and infrastructure principles for rebuilding; and the form and spirit of an appropriate memorial at the World Trade Center site.

Several common themes regarding downtown Manhattan’s future emerged from these discussions; key among them, that downtown Manhattan become a “vibrant, 24-hour mixed-use community” and that it be a “seamless transportation hub [with] all types of transportation (underground, surface, ferries) linking all parts of region.” The participants also said that any “memorial should be integrated into [the] total picture.”

Without focusing on an exact design or structure, the collective thinking about the essence of any memorial centered on a few themes: a sacred place to mourn; something reflecting the magnitude of what happened and its global impact; and honoring the heroism of the police, firefighters and emergency service workers as well as the “everyday people” that died.

Arthur Fried

“This was the start of a broad public conversation among the people of New York City and the region. It is their vision that will help to create our future,” said Arthur J. Fried, executive director of the NYU Center for Excellence in New York City Governance and a forum organizer.

“We’ve heard some good ideas from government and civic leaders, and from those in the architecture and real estate communities, about how to rebuild downtown,” adds Fried. “To those we are adding the voices of the residents, the workers, the survivors, the relatives, and the rescue workers heard here today. They have a profound understanding of the events of September 11th and of the needs of the city and will be most affected by how the city changes.”

Among the public officials who attended and delivered remarks were Charles Gargano, chairman and CEO of the Empire State Development Corporation; Louis R. Tomson, executive director of the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation; and Dan Doctoroff, the NYC deputy mayor for economic development. A final report from this forum, the first of several planned by the Civic Alliance, will be presented to the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation to help guide its planning and rebuilding efforts. Mr. Tomson, in closing the meeting, stated that “the report coming out of today’s work will be something that we rely on very heavily as we go forward.” A much larger event involving specific building proposals is being planned for later this year.

The Rockefeller Brothers Fund and the Fund for the City of New York, key financial supporters of the operations of the Center for Excellence, also provided funds to support Listening to the City. Beyond providing a $75,000 grant, the Rockefeller Brothers Fund’s President Stephen Heintz also helped secure funding from other groups. Other funders were: The Commonwealth Fund, the Ford Foundation, the JM Kaplan Fund, the Rockefeller Foundation, the Sloan Foundation, the Surdna Foundation, the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, the Andy Warhol Foundation for the Visual Arts, the Charles H. Revson Foundation, the Edna McConnell Clark Foundation, the FB Heron Foundation, the Fund for the City of New York, the Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation, and the Schumann Fund for New Jersey.


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