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Furman Center releases new study on racial segregation and subprime lending

Furman Center releases new study on racial segregation and subprime lending

On November 19, 2009, the Furman Center released a new report examining the relationship between residential segregation and subprime lending. The study examined whether the likelihood that borrowers of different races received a subprime loan varied depending on the level of racial segregation. It looked both at the role of racial segregation in metropolitan areas across the country and at the role that neighborhood demographics within communities in New York City played. The report found that, nationally, black borrowers living in the most racially segregated metropolitan areas were more likely to receive subprime loans than black borrowers living in the least racially segregated metropolitan areas. When looking just at New York City neighborhood demographics, the report found that living in a predominantly non-white neighborhood made it more likely that borrowers of all races would receive a subprime loan.

The Furman Center is a leading academic research center, and a joint initiative of NYU's Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service, and the School of Law. The director is Vicki Been, the Boxer Family Professor of Law, and the co-director is Professor Ingrid Ellen of Wagner.

Furman Center Report Examines Housing and Neighborhood Conditions

Furman Center Report Examines Housing and Neighborhood Conditions

Over the past three years, housing rents in New York City have risen faster than inflation, and inflation-adjusted incomes have fallen, forcing New Yorkers with low or moderate income to allot a much larger share of their household budget for rent, according to a new report from New York University, The State of New York City's Housing and Neighborhoods. Prepared by the Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy, a joint initiative of the New York University School of Law and the Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service at NYU, the report finds that the rate of new construction has outpaced population growth in recent years, but that the number of units available at rents affordable to the 42 percent of the city's households earning $32,000 or less fell by almost 205,000 units in the last three years.

Furman Center Report Finds Fewer New Mortgages Go to Blacks and Hispanics

Furman Center Report Finds Fewer New Mortgages Go to Blacks and Hispanics

A new report by the Furman Center for Real Estate & Urban Policy, a joint initiative of the New York University School of Law and the Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service at NYU, shows that the number of new mortgates to blacks and  Hispanics plummeted in New York  City in 2007. Meanwhile, according to the report, released in October, 2008, that total held steady for white borrowers.

The report found that risky high-interest loans declined -- a silver lining, according to the researchers, who used data released in September, 2008 under the Federal Home Mortgage Disclosure Act.

The Furman Center is dedicated to providing objective academic and empirical research on the legal and public policy issues involving land use, real estate, housing and urban affairs in the United States, with a particular focus on New York City. Its Director is Law School  Professor Vicki L. Been of the Law School and its Co-director is Professor Ingrid Gould Ellen of NYU Wagner. 

To read the report and related news coverage, please click below.

Furman Center's 10th Annual "Housing & Neighborhoods" Report Explores NYC Trends

Furman Center's 10th Annual "Housing & Neighborhoods" Report Explores NYC Trends

The Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy, a project of the New York University School of Law and NYU Wagner, has just released the 10th annual edition of its widely read State of New York City’s Housing and Neighborhoods report.

Professor Ingrid Ellen is quoted in this Crain’s article about the report, while Professor Vicki Been discussed it with “Morning Edition with Brian Lehrer” on WNYC-AM/FM.

Professors Been and Ellen are the directors of the Furman Center, which, in February, garnered a nationally prestigious MacArthur Award For Creative and Effective Institutions.

The 10th annual edition of the State of New York City’s Housing and Neighborhoods, features 2011 data on housing, demographics, and quality of life indicators for each borough and for the city’s 59 community districts. It also finds that while the city remains highly segregated by race, more of its neighborhoods are racially integrated today than 20 years ago. In addition, this year’s report analyzes mortgage finance trends in New York City, and finds that the volume of lending is increasing, the number of foreclosure notices issued has dropped from previous years, and the number of properties entering REO has decreased.

 

 

 

 

Getting Out the Vote, Innovatively

Getting Out the Vote, Innovatively

A fascinating article in the Sunday magazine of The New York Times describes how techniques developed by behavioral science researchers are at the forefront of a dramatic change in how politicians and parties get out the vote. The emerging data-driven approach to moving voters was co-pioneered by Don Green, currently Visiting Distinguished Professor at NYU Wagner & NYU Abu Dhabi.

"As the 1998 elections approached, Green [and fellow Yale professor of political science Alan Gerber] partnered with the League of Women Voters to split 30,000 New Haven voters into four groups," the article explains. "Some received an oversize postcard encouraging them to vote, others the same message via a phone call or in-person visit. One control group received no contact whatsoever. After the election, Gerber and Green examined Connecticut records to see who actually voted. The in-person canvass yielded turnout 9.8 percent higher than for voters who were not contacted. Each piece of mail led to a turnout increase of only 0.6 percent. Telephone calls, Gerber and Green concluded, had no effect at all."

The Times article goes on to describe why the results have proven so seminal.

As it happens, the article appeared just a few days after Professor Green spoke at Wagner's doctoral colloquium October 28.

Green has written extensively on a range of topics, including voter turnout, campaign finance, perceptual bias, rational learning, experimental methods, and rational choice theory. He is currently writing a book on field experiments in the social sciences. His resume and other materials can be found here.

 

Global Experts Offer First Look at New Research on Microfinance

Global Experts Offer First Look at New Research on Microfinance

More than 200 researchers, practitioners and business leaders convened in New York City for a first look at research results on the impact of microfinance. The Microfinance Impact and Innovation Conference 2010, co-hosted by the Financial Access Initiative (FAI) at NYU Wagner and other leading research and financial institutions, was held Thursday, October 21st; 22nd; and 23rd at headquarters of the Deutsche Bank and the Moody's Corporation.

The research presented at the Conference follows on the heels of an initial report, released in 2009, about the first-ever randomized evaluations of microfinance, which sparked a debate over whether and how much microfinance is helping the poor. The results of several follow-up studies presented at the latest Microfinance Impact and Innovation Conference offer fresh insights on how and to what degree microfinance affects the lives of poor households around the world.

"The results of the first microfinance impact evaluations were controversial because the world was eager to find that one magic bullet that will finally "solve" poverty," said Esther Duflo, co-author of one of the first-ever impact evaluations of microfinance in India, and professor of economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "The studies showed that microfinance is not magic. But while we didn't discover that microfinance launches people out of poverty, we did discover that it's making a very real difference to some people. The new, forthcoming research will help us discover more about who benefits from microfinance and help us design financial products that work better for the poor."

The Microfinance Impact and Innovation Conference 2010 attracted senior researchers, policymakers, practitioners and investors committed to preparing the next generation of thinkers and leaders in microfinance, and to the global expansion of financial markets in poor communities. The event was hosted by not only the Financial Access Initiative (FAI), but also by Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA), the Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL), Moody's Corporation, Deutsche Bank and the Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (CGAP).

Important new impact results from a randomized evaluation of a microfinance program in Morocco were aired, along with evaluations of microsavings and microinsurance, and livelihood programs for the "ultra poor." Conference sessions were devoted to the presentation of new research on microfinance product design, social performance measurement, and consumer protection. Additionally, illuminating sessions were dedicated to bringing together researchers and practitioners to design future research on product design and financial inclusion that will help usher in the next generation of services for the "bottom billion."

 

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