Finance

From Humanitarian Assistance to Human Development

From Humanitarian Assistance to Human Development
Washington, DC: Pan American Health Organization/WHO. .

Rodriguez-Garcia, R., Macinko, J. & Casas, J. (Eds.)
01/01/1998

Civil, political and military conflict--Natural and man-made disasters--Poverty and human suffering...As the new millennium approaches, the need for humanitarian assistance in response to these global challenges endures. Complex humanitarian emergencies demand human, financial and material resources on an international scale. This presents the global community, and particularly the health sector, with a formidable and daunting task: Faced with limited resources, how can organizations and actors simultaneously meet immediate humanitarian needs while maintaining their commitment to long term human development? More specifically, how can humanitarian relief and sustainable human development efforts be linked? From Humanitarian Assistance to Human Development responds and reacts to this question by serving as a forum for distinguished members of the health and development arena to present issues, policies and innovative programs in response. Divided into three sections, the book examines the humanitarian assistance-human development continuum within the global-policy context of human development, reviews humanitarian assistance as a social phenomena, highlights country experiences in Rwanda and Bosnia, and discusses means of relieving human suffering and restoring infrastructure and health and social services in the aftermath of conflict. In this thought-provoking, informative volume, the perspectives, experiences and proposals of specialists from academic institutions, national and international agencies and non-governmental organizations are united to help inform future policy, inspire programmatic action and, ultimately, bridge the gap between humanitarian assistance and human development.

Intra-District Equity in Four Large Cities: Methods, Data, and Results

Intra-District Equity in Four Large Cities: Methods, Data, and Results
Journal of Education Finance, Volume 23, No. 4, Spring 1998, pp 447-467.

Stiefel, L., Rubenstein, R. & Berne, R.
01/01/1998

Reviews the school-level resource-allocation literature and presents findings of a study of school-district expenditures in Chicago, Forth Worth, New York, and Rochester. Horizontal equity results show that in Chicago, New York, and Fort Worth, most coefficients of variation are below 0.15. Rochester's system is slightly less equitable. For general funds, all cities show mixed vertical-equity results.

Valuation of Physician and Ambulatory Care Practices

Valuation of Physician and Ambulatory Care Practices
Healthcare Financial Management, June .

Schwartzben, Dov & Finkler, S.A.
01/01/1998

Explains several accounting approaches for healthcare organizations planning to acquire physician and ambulatory care practices. Acquisition arrangements; Historical cost; Constant dollar value; Replacement/economic cost; Opportunity-cost approach; Income approach; Enhancement opportunities.

Designing Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations and International Finance Institutions Allocations for Rural Development

Designing Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations and International Finance Institutions Allocations for Rural Development
Decentralization for Rural Development, Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, December.

Smoke, P.
01/01/1997

Housing Partnerships: A New Approach to a Market at a Crossroads

Housing Partnerships: A New Approach to a Market at a Crossroads
Cambridge and London: MIT Press, pages xiv, 265.

Andrew Caplin, Sewin Chan, Charles Freeman & Joseph Tracy
01/01/1997

A revolutionary housing finance concept can help many more Americans buy the homes of their dreams, while simultaneously furnishing vast, new investment opportunities for financial institutions and investors. The idea: enable consumers to purchase part of a home through a new type of financing called Housing Partnership agreements.

Housing Partnerships: A New Approach to a Market at Crossroads provides a blueprint for the development of this alternative housing finance market, and offers a new and compelling housing finance option: instead of the existing two housing options -- renting or buying an entire dwelling -- would-be home owners can finance a percentage of a property, while the other portion is financed by institutional investors, who provide capital for the house in exchange for a proportion of the final sale price.

The home buyer (Managing Partner) and a financial institution (Limited Partner) would each own a fixed proportion of the home, resulting in co-ownership of the property. The Managing Partner would live in the entire home and when the house is sold, potential proceeds are split with the Limited Partner.

Housing Partnerships: A New Approach to a Market at a Crossroads proposes adapting the same legal form used successfully by commercial enterprises for the residential housing market. Why can't individual home owners, just like businesses, avail themselves to the benefits of this type of ownership? Why is the U.S. housing market the only one in which there is no way to sell any part of the return stream to other investors?

Housing Partnerships: A New Approach to a Market at a Crossroads has ideas to interest a range of readers, from prospective home buyers to realtors, from financial investors to those interested in housing and social policy development.

 

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