Finance

The Coming of Age of School-Level Finance Data

The Coming of Age of School-Level Finance Data
Journal of Education Finance, Vol. 22, No. 3, Winter 1997, pp 246-254.

Berne, R., Moser, M. & Stiefel, L.
01/01/1997

Discusses implications for school finance data collection and analysis of shifting to schools as key management and policy units. Discusses questions that school-level data can answer concerning resource utilization efficiency, effectiveness, intent, and equity. Outlines conceptual issues (school definition and identification) and database realities. Illustrates issues problems, and principles, using examples from Rochester, New York.

Fiscal Decentralization in Indonesia: A New Approach to an Old Idea

Fiscal Decentralization in Indonesia: A New Approach to an Old Idea
World Development, Vol. 24, No. 8.

Smoke, P. & Lewis, B.
01/01/1996

The system for financing and delivering local public services in Indonesia, as in many developing countries, is highly centralized. Growing awareness of the weaknesses of the present system has recently generated much interest in decentralization and numerous government policies and programs toward that end. In spite of these efforts, the role and capacity of local governments remain weak. In this paper, we outline the most critical obstacles to decentralization and examine a strategy to reduce their significance. Instead of centering our analysis on the definition of a normatively desirable decentralization outcome, we focus on the development of a process through which genuinely feasible outcomes could be defined and implemented, in this case an interministerial and intergovernmental process for evaluating local governments.
 

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