Density and disaster: New models of disaster recovery for housing in high-density cities

Vicki Been, Ingrid Gould Ellen, and Max Weselcouch
Journal of the American Planning Association, 80:4 (2015), pp. 372.

When Superstorm Sandy struck the New York City metropolitan area, it brought to light serious limitations in the ability of federal disaster aid programs to serve the residents of high-cost, high-density cities. Our current models of rehousing, repair, and rebuilding are geared toward low-density, owner-occupied, single-family homes. Yet, more than half the world’s population lives in dense, urbanized areas, many of which are susceptible not only to hurricanes, but also to earthquakes, tsunamis, and tornadoes.