Journal Articles and Published Proceedings Papers

R. Zimmerman, Q. Zhu and C. Dimitri (2016) “Promoting Resilience for Food, Energy and Water Interdependencies,” Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, Vol. 6, Issue 1, 2016, pp. 50-61. Published online: February 12, 2016. DOI: 10.1007/s13412-016-0362-0

R. Zimmerman, C.E. Restrepo, J. Sellers, A. Amirapu, T. R. Pearson, and H. B. Kates (2015) “MultiModal Transit Connectivity for Flexibility in Extreme Events,” Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2532, pp. 64-73, 2015. DOI: 10.3141/2532-08.

R. Zimmerman (August 2014) “Planning Restoration of Vital Infrastructure Services Following Hurricane Sandy: Lessons Learned for Energy and Transportation,” J. Extreme Events, Vol. 1, No. 2.

C. Restrepo, J. Simonoff, G. Thurston and R. Zimmerman (2012) “Asthma Hospital Admissions and Ambient Air Pollutant Concentrations in New York City,” Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 3 No. 29, pp. 1102-1116. doi: 10.4236/jep.2012.329129.

R. Zimmerman and M. Sherman (2011) “To Leave An Area After Disaster: How Evacuees from the WTC Buildings Left the WTC Area Following the Attacks,” Risk Analysis, Vol. 31, Issue 5, pp. 787-804, published online December 8, 2010. doi:10.1111/j.1539-6924.2010.01537

R. Zimmerman (September 2011) “Adaptability of Critical Infrastructure and the September 11, 2001 Attacks in New York City,” The CIP Report, George Mason University, School of Law, Center for Infrastructure Protection and Homeland Security, Arlington, VA, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp. 10, 11, 30.…

J. S. Simonoff, C. E. Restrepo, R. Zimmerman, Z. S. Naphtali, and H. H. Willis (2011) “Resource allocation, emergency response capability and infrastructure concentration around vulnerable sites,” first published online 14 April 2011, Journal of Risk Research, Vol. 14, No. 5, pp. 597–613. doi:10.1080/13669877.2010.547257

J.S. Simonoff, C.E. Restrepo, and R. Zimmerman (2011) “Current Risk Management Issues for Hazardous Liquids and Natural Gas Pipeline Infrastructure,” Hydrocarbon World, Vol. 2, Issue 6, pp. 72-75.

R. Zimmerman and C. Faris (2011) “Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation in North American Cities,” Available on line January 7, 2011, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Vol. 3, pp. 181-187 doi:10.1016/j.cosust.2010.12.004

C. Rosenzweig, W. D. Solecki, R. Blake, M. Bowman, C. Faris, V. Gornitz, R. Horton, K. Jacob, A. LeBlanc, R. Leichenko, M. Linkin, D. Major, M. O’Grady, L. Patrick, E. Sussman, G. Yohe, R. Zimmerman (2011) “Developing coastal adaptation to climate change in the New York City infrastructure-shed: process, approach, tools, and strategies,” Climatic Change, Vol. 106, Issue 1, pp. 93-127. doi:10.1007/s10584-010-0002-8

R. Zimmerman, C.E. Restrepo, A. Culpen, W.E. Remington, A. Kling,  I. Portelli, and G. Foltin (2010) “Risk Communication for Catastrophic Events: Results from Focus Groups,” Journal of Risk Research, Vol. 13, No. 7, pp. 913-935.

R. Zimmerman (2010) “Oil Spill,” Risk Newsletter, Vol. 30, No. 3, Third Quarter 2010, p. 6, Society for Risk Analysis.

R. Zimmerman (2010) “Transportation Recovery in an Age of Disasters,” Compendium of Papers of the Transportation Research Board 89th Annual Meeting, Washington, DC: TRB.

 J.S. Simonoff, C.E. Restrepo, and R. Zimmerman (2010) “Risk Management of Cost Consequences in Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Infrastructures,” Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, Vol. 23 (2), pp. 269-279. doi:10.1016/j.jlp.2009.10.005.

C. E. Restrepo, J. S. Simonoff and R. Zimmerman (2009) “Causes, Cost Consequences, and Risk Implications of Accidents in U.S. Hazardous Liquid Pipeline Infrastructure,” International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection, Vols. 1-2, pp. 38-50. doi:10.1016/j.ijcip.2008.09.001.

M.R. Greenberg, W. Irving, and R. Zimmerman (2009) “Allocating U.S. Department of Homeland Security Funds to States with Explicit Equity, Population and Energy Facility Security Criteria,” Socioeconomic Planning Sciences, Vol. 43 (4), pp. 229-239.

R. Zimmerman, C. E. Restrepo, and J. S. Simonoff (2009) “Infrastructure Age, Security and Natural Hazards,” The CIP Report, Vol. 8 (4), pp. 18, 28, 29.

R. Zimmerman, C. E. Restrepo, and J. S. Simonoff (forthcoming 2009) “The Age of Infrastructure in a Time of Security and Natural Hazards,” Proceedings of the DHS Aging Infrastructures Workshop.

R. Zimmerman and C. E. Restrepo (2009) “Analyzing Cascading Effects within Infrastructure Sectors for Consequence Reduction,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Technologies for Homeland Security.

R. Zimmerman and J.S. Simonoff (2009) “Transportation Density and Opportunities for Expediting Recovery to Promote Security,” Journal of Applied Security Research, Vol. 4 (1), pp. 48-59.

V. Bier, N. Haphuriwat, J. Menoyo, R. Zimmerman and A. Culpen (2008) “Optimal resource allocation for defense of targets based on differing measures of attractiveness,” Risk Analysis, Vol. 28 (3), pp. 763-770.

R. Zimmerman, C.E. Restrepo, and J. S. Simonoff (2008) “Infrastructure Disruptions and Recovery Rates in Disasters,” ASCE Metropolitan Section Infrastructure Group Technical Seminar “New York City Infrastructure Critical Needs,” Brooklyn, NY:  Polytechnic University of New York, March 24-25, pp. 28-35.

Z. S. Naphtali, C.E. Restrepo, and R. Zimmerman (2008) “Maps Expand Asthma Hazards Awareness: GIS Helps Policy Makers See Where Childhood Asthma, Schools, and Pollution Sources Collide,” HealthyGIS, ESRI, Winter, pp. 4-5.…

J.S. Simonoff, C.E. Restrepo, and R. Zimmerman (2007) “Risk Management and Risk Analysis-Based Decision Tools for Attacks on Electric Power,” Risk Analysis, Vol. 27 (3), pp. 547-570.

M. Greenberg, N. Mantell, M. Lahr, F. Felder, and R. Zimmerman (2007) “Short and Intermediate Economic Impacts of a Terrorist-Initiated Loss of Electric Power: Case Study of New Jersey,” Energy Policy, Vol. 35 (1), pp. 722-733.

R. Zimmerman, C.E. Restrepo, B. Nagorsky, and A.M. Culpen (2007) “Vulnerability of the Elderly During Natural Hazard Events,” Proceedings of the Hazards and Disasters Research Meeting, July 11-12, 2007. Boulder, CO: Natural Hazards Center, pp. 38-40.

T. Fulmer, I. Portelli, G. L. Foltin, R. Zimmerman, E. Chachkes, L. R. Goldfrank (2007) “Organization- based Incident Management: Developing a Disaster Volunteer Role on a University Campus,” Disaster Management & Response, July-September, pp. 74-81.

Z. S. Naphtali, C. E. Restrepo & R. Zimmerman (2007) “Using GIS to Examine Environmental Injustice in the South Bronx. The Case of Waste Transfer Stations,” Connect, Spring/Summer pp. 23-28.

R. Zimmerman and C.E. Restrepo (2006) “The Next Step: Quantifying Infrastructure Interdependencies to Improve Security,” International Journal of Critical Infrastructures, Vol. 2 (2/3), pp. 215-230.

C.E. Restrepo, J.S. Simonoff, and R. Zimmerman (2006) “Unraveling Geographic Interdependencies in Electric Power Infrastructure,” Proceedings of the Hawai'i International Conference on System Sciences, IEEE Computer Society.

R. Zimmerman (2005) “Mass Transit Infrastructure and Urban Health,” Journal of Urban Health, Vol. 82 (1), pp. 21-32.

R. Zimmerman, C.E. Restrepo, N. Dooskin, J. Fraissinet, R. Hartwell, J. Miller and W. Remington (2005) “Diagnostic Tools to Estimate Consequences of Terrorism Attacks Against Critical Infrastructure,” Proceedings, U.S. Department of Homeland Security conference, Working Together: Research and Development Partnerships in Homeland Security, Boston, MA.

R. Zimmerman (2004) “Decision-making and the Vulnerability of Critical Infrastructure,” Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, edited by W. Thissen, P. Wieringa, M. Pantic, and M. Ludema, The Hague, The Netherlands: Delft University of Technology.

C. Restrepo, R. Zimmerman, G. Thurston, J. Clemente, J. Gorczynski, M. Zhong, M. Blaustin, and L.C. Chen (2004) “A Comparison of Ground-Level Air Quality Data with New York State Department of Environmental Conservation Monitoring Stations Data in South Bronx, New York,” Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 38, pp. 5295-5304.

Books and Book Chapters

R. Zimmerman (2017, forthcoming) “Effective Public Service Communication Networks for Climate Change Adaptation” In: Climate Change Adaptation in North America: experiences, case studies and best practice, edited by W. Leal Filho and J.M. Keenan. Berlin: Springer.

R. Zimmerman (2016) “Resilient Urban Infrastructure for Adapting to Environmental Disruptions,” Chapter 32 in Handbook on Urbanization and Global Environmental Change, edited by K. C. Seto, W. D. Solecki, and C. A. Griffith, London, UK: Routledge, pp. 488-512. ISBN 978-0-415-73226-0.

R. Zimmerman (2014) “Strategies and Considerations for Investing in Sustainable City Infrastructure,” Chapter 7 in The Elgar Companion to Sustainable Cities: Strategies, Methods and Outlook, edited by D. Mazmanian and H. Blanco, Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, Ltd.

R. Zimmerman (2014) “Network attributes of critical infrastructure, vulnerability, and consequence assessment,” in Safety, Reliability, Risk and Life-Cycle Performance of Structures and Infrastructures, edited by G. Deodatis, B. R. Ellingwood, and D. M. Frangopol, London, UK: Taylor & Francis Group, CRC Press.

R. Zimmerman (2013) “Crisis Communications,” in SAGE Encyclopedia of Crisis Management, edited by K. B. Penuel, M. Statler, and R. Hagen, Sage Publishers, pp. 188-193.

R. Zimmerman (2012) Transport, the Environment, and Security. Making the Connection. Cheltenham UK and Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing,

R. Zimmerman (2012) “Critical Infrastructure and Interdependency Revisited,” Chapter 20 in The McGraw-Hill Homeland Security Handbook – 2nd edition, edited by D. G. Kamien. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., pp. 437-460.

R. Zimmerman (2012) “Critical Infrastructure and Interdependency Revisited,” Chapter 20 in The McGraw-Hill Homeland Security Handbook – 2nd edition, edited by D. G. Kamien. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., pp. 437-460.

S. Mehrotra, B. Lefevre, R. Zimmerman, H. Gercek, K. Jacob, and S. Srinivasan (2011) Chapter 6 “Climate Change and Urban Transportation Systems” in Climate Change and Cities First Assessment Report of the Urban Climate Change Research Network, edited by C. Rosenzweig, W. D. Solecki, S. A. Hammer, and S. Mehrotra. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, pp. 145-177.

M. Barata, E. Ligeti, G. De Simone (Rio de Janeiro), T. Dickinson, D. Jack, J. Penney, M. Rahman, and R. Zimmerman (2011) Chapter 7 “Climate Change and Human Health in Cities,” in Climate Change and Cities First Assessment Report of the Urban Climate Change Research Network, edited by C. Rosenzweig, W. D. Solecki, S. A. Hammer, and S. Mehrotra. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, pp. 179-213.

R. Zimmerman and C. E. Restrepo (2010) “Urban Transportation,” Chapter 19 in Urban Health. Global Perspectives, edited by D. Vlahov, J. I. Boufford, C. Pearson, and L. Norris. New York: Jossey-Bass/John Wiley & Sons, pp. 283-304.

R. Zimmerman and C. Faris (2010) “Infrastructure Impacts and Adaptation Challenges,” Chapter 4 in Climate Change Adaptation in New York City: Building a Risk Management Response, New York City Panel on Climate Change 2010 Report, edited by C. Rosenzweig and W. Solecki. Prepared for use by the New York City Climate Change Adaptation Task Force. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 1196. New York, NY, NY Academy of Sciences, pp. 63-85. ISBN 978-1-57331-800-6.

R. Zimmerman (2009) “Making Infrastructure Competitive in a Changing World Through Investment,” in The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 626 Issue 1, edited by S. Wachter and E. L. Birch. Philadelphia, PA: AAPSS, pp. 226-241. d.o.i.: 10.1177/0002716209344842.

R. Zimmerman (2009) “Understanding the Implications of Critical Infrastructure Interdependencies for Water,” in Wiley Handbook of Science and Technology for Homeland Security, edited by J. Voeller.

R. Zimmerman (2008) “Managing Infrastructure Resiliency, Safety and Security,” in Encyclopedia of Quantitative Risk Assessment and Analysis, edited by E. Melnick and B. Everitt. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, pp. 1033-1040.

C.E. Restrepo and R. Zimmerman (2008) “Environmental Justice,” in Encyclopedia of Quantitative Risk Analysis and Assessment, edited by E. L. Melnick and B. S. Everitt. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Vol. 2, pp. 808-817.

J.S. Simonoff, C.E. Restrepo, R. Zimmerman, and Z.S. Naphtali (2007) “Analysis of Electrical Power and Oil and Gas Pipeline Failures,” Chapter 27 in Critical Infrastructure Protection, edited by E. Goetz and S. Shenoi. New York, NY: Springer, pp. 381-394.

M. R. Greenberg and R. Zimmerman (2008) “Distribution of Federal Anti-Terrorism Funds to States in the United States: A Comparison of Population, Income, and Simple Vulnerability Indicators with Infrastructure Applications,” in Global Terrorism: Issues and Developments, edited by R. A. Larche. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., pp. 101-120.

R. Zimmerman, C.E. Restrepo, J.S. Simonoff, and L. Lave (2007) “Risk and Economic Cost of a Terrorist Attack on the Electric System,” Chapter 14 in The Economic Costs and Consequences of Terrorism, edited by H.W. Richardson, P. Gordon and J.E. Moore II. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishers, pp. 273-290.

R. Zimmerman (2006) “Critical Infrastructure and Interdependency,” Chapter 34 in The McGraw-Hill Homeland Security Handbook, edited by D.G. Kamien. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., pp. 523-545. Reviewed in the Journal of Homeland Security and Emergency Response (2006) Vol. 3 (1), pp. 1-3, by W.R. Cumming.

R. Zimmerman (2005) “Social Implications of Infrastructure Network Interactions,” Chapter 4 in Sustaining Urban Networks: The Social Diffusion of Large Technical Systems, edited by O. Coutard, R. Hanley, and R. Zimmerman. London, UK: Routledge, pp. 67-85.


Books from the Institute for Civil Infrastructure Systems Research:

  • Beyond September 11th (NHRAIC, PERI, ICIS, eds., U. Colorado Boulder, 2003)
  • Digital Infrastructures (R. Zimmerman and T. Horan, eds., Routledge, 2004)
  • Sustaining Urban Networks (O. Coutard, R.E. Hanley and R.Zimmerman, eds., Routledge, 2005)
  • Transport, the Environment and Security: Making the Connection (R. Zimmerman, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012)