Separate and Unequal Care in New York City

Calman, N.S., Golub, M., Ruddock, C., Le, L. & Kaplan, S.A.
Journal of Health Care Law & Policy, Vol. 9, Number 1. 

Bronx Health REACH, a coalition of community- and faith-based groups, health care providers, and an academic institution, recently examined the causes of racial and ethnic health disparities in the southwest Bronx and identified separate systems of care for uninsured and publicly insured patients, who are predominantly people of color, and those with private insurance. We found evidence that patients are sorted into segregated pathways of care, a system of medical apartheid in which differential care contributes to disparities in health care and health outcomes.