The heart of NYU Wagner's programs is our faculty. An amalgam of full-time, clinical/research/visiting, and adjunct professors, they are outstanding teachers, expert researchers and committed practitioners.
Both domestically and globally, research by NYU Wagner faculty examines issues of public importance with an eye to making a difference.
With the dropdown below, you can access current projects sorted by subject area.
The purpose of the AIG Research Fund is to strengthen research at NYU Wagner on extending banking and insurance markets to poor and under-served markets and to support leading researchers in translating evidence into action through support of the Financial Access Initiative. The current study investigates how health insurance can affect the quality care available to poor households. This will include a quantitative review of the experience of insured and non-insured individuals while seeking treatment for a specific aliment.
The Sloan Industry Studies Fellowship is an award involving nominations of the very best industry studies scholars from many different disciplines. Awardees receive funding to be used in a flexible and largely unrestricted manner so as to provide the most constructive possible support of the their research.
The inaugural Amateur Hour conference took place in November 2011 at New York Law School. The event focused on how existing media businesses are making changes to their business models in the age of the amateur and what are the new and challenging business legal and management issues which media and entertainment business companies now face. The AmHr conference brought emergent players in the new media environment together with respresentatives from the legal field and established media companies to discuss the present and future of user generated content and existing media businesses.
For more information, visit Amateur Hour
The impact of mandatory Medicaid enrollment on costs, utilization patterns, and outcomes are of great interest to policy makers. Non-dual, non-seriously and persistently mentally ill (SPMI) SSI Medicaid patients in managed care tend to have significantly less churning on and off Medicaid than other eligibility categories. In this 12-month project, researchers are working with the United Hospital Fund of New York (UHF) to acquire and maintain Medicaid claims and encounter data. The resulting analysis will be made available in presentations in both policy and academic forums during and after completion of this project.
Congestion pricing and land use planning have been proposed as two promising strategies to reduce the externalities associated with driving, including traffic congestion, air pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions. However, they are often viewed by their proponents as substitutive instead of complementary tools. Using data from a pilot mileage fee program run in Portland, OR, researchers explored whether congestion pricing and land use planning were mutually supportive in terms of reduction in vehicle miles traveled (VMT). Researchers examined whether effective land use planning could reinforce the benefit of congestion pricing, and whether congestion pricing could strengthen the role of land use planning in encouraging travelers to reduce driving. VMT data was collected over 10 months from 130 households, which were divided into two groups: those who paid a mileage charge with rates that varied by congestion level (i.e., congestion pricing) and those who paid a mileage charge with a flat structure. Using regression models to compare the two groups, researchers tested the effect of congestion pricing on VMT reduction across different land use patterns, and the effect of land use on VMT reduction with and without congestion pricing. With congestion pricing, the VMT reduction is greater in traditional (dense and mixed-use) neighborhoods than in suburban (single use, low-density) neighborhoods, most likely because of the availability of travel alternatives in the former. Under the same land use pattern, land use attributes explain more variance of household VMT when congestion pricing is implemented, suggesting that this form of mileage fee could make land use planning a more effective mechanism to reduce VMT. In summary, land use planning and congestion pricing appear to be mutually supportive. For policymakers considering mileage pricing, land use planning affects not only the economic viability but also the political feasibility of a pricing scheme. For urban planners, congestion pricing provides both opportunities and challenges to crafting land use policies that will reduce VMT. For example, a pricing zone that overlaps with dense, mixed-use and transit-accessible development, can reinforce the benefits of these development patterns and encourage greater behavioral changes.
What Problem Does It Solve?: It is hard to keep in mind all of the many different propositions that might bear on a complex factual dispute, much less to see the relationships between all competing propositions and the likely conclusions to be reached if one assumes certain facts to be true or false and certain propositions to be more or less reliable.
How Does It Do That?: By creating an explorable hierarchical structure that reflects all of the relationships between proposed facts and conclusions.
Why Is It Different?: Network diagrams use links between nodes. Argument arrows add the element of transitive links – connections that are applicable only across a number of different elements. Fish diagrams enforce a requirement that only one inference line can flow into a particular element. Argument arrows allow multiple incoming inference lines, including those that support or detract from the likely truth of the element in question. Argument arrows structures can be arbitrarily deep and can be explored upward or downward by clicking on elements of interest.
Who Will Use It?: Anyone seeking to record, see and understand the structure of a complex factual debate. For example, lawyers dealing with a complex set of disputed facts can use this kind of tool to keep track of all possible pieces of evidence and all the inferences that might be made from the evidence.
Other Potential Uses: Scholars engaged in debates about historical facts could use the tool to summarize the academic debate. And students could use the resulting structures to understand the debate and reach their own conclusions.
More Detailed Description: The Argument Arrows system is currently under development. The current system has been submitted to Marc Lauritsen for further analysis. Another version will be presented to John Clippinger for potential use in connection with complex policy/technical debates regarding open source authentication systems for the internet.
Lead Designer: David R. Johnson
Sponsors: New York Law School.
For more information, visit the Argument Arrows system online.
The ASPIRE project was developed to expose students to multiple disciplines that relate to information security. This would result in scholars who can integrate technical, legal, financial, and behavioral aspects into practical, cost effective solutions that people can depend on. They will also have the training necessary to develop laws and public policies relating to information security and privacy that properly reflect the capabilities, limitations, and implications of technology.
Sponsored by the Federal Transit Administration (Transportation Participation Pilot Program) this project will assess the implementation and impact of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority's efforts to introduce more innovative and meaningful forms of public participation. Like other agencies around the country, NYC's MTA has recently introduced a number of public participation initiatives beyond the legally required minimum. However, the agency is unsure whether its efforts have made any difference, whether it is worth continuing them, whether it should use some of these approaches but not others, and whether it should try other alternatives. The results of the project will be of direct help to MTA and will be enlightening for other agencies as well. More important, perhaps, to other agencies, will be the process by which these public participation efforts are assessed. As part of this research, the Rudin Center is participating in an FTA's TPP coordinated nationwide program, to comparatively assess the key elements that make public participation processes successful. Such an effort will help to elucidate what might work best in various contexts, so that time and monies may be spent most effectively.
This project assesses the implementation and impact of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority's recent efforts to introduce more innovative and meaningful forms of public participation. It is also identifying the public participation methods being already employed around the country to select representative cases for assessment.
This project assesses the implementation and impact of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority’s recent efforts to introduce more innovative and meaningful forms of public participation. It will also identify the public participation methods being already employed around the country to select representative cases for assessment.
Evidence from numerous Mega-urban transportation projects has aroused international disquiet, not only about the ability to deliver on-time and within budget, but also about the projected range of urban and regional development impacts. Funded in part by the Volvo Research and Education Foundation, this research is part of an international study related to mega-projects in several different European, Asian, and North American countries (coordinated by the Global Centre for Mega Project in Transport and Development in London). This research is aimed better understand the decision and planning processes, and evaluation metrics related to transportation mega-projects. The Rudin Center has been asked to develop three case studies from the United States that will eventually be compared to studies from nine other countries, resulting in a total of 30 case studies over the course of five years. The first case study for the U.S. team will be AirTrain JFK. Two other projects being considered are the Alameda Corridor in California and I-15 in Utah. These case studies offer a unique opportunity to participate in a global forum of best practices in the fields of transportation and sustainable development.
Canada is the United State's strongest trading partner, exceeding trade with Mexico and with the European Union. On land, this trade flows through 22 principal border crossings between the United States and Canada, with 90% of the value and three-quarters of the tonnage and truck trips originating in or destined for locations beyond the border states. Three of the six crossings are in New York State. However, up to one-half of the trips originate in or are destined for locations beyond the border states. Thus, while they generate economic value nationally, the burdens they bring are concentrated in border states. Recognizing the significance of the border states and the need for transportation corridors throughout the country to facilitate the projected growth in trade, Congress established the Coordinated Border Infrastructure Program and the National Corridor Planning and Development Program in 1998. However, these programs have fallen short of their goals, principally as a result of under-funding and earmarking. If the current funding levels and practices of the Borders and Corridors Program continue, there is concern that freight volume at the key crossings in New York will continue to grow without the ability to effectively and efficiently service it. This study assesses the implications for New York State and for the country if New York's border and corridor needs are unmet.
Written by Rosemary Scanlon and Edward Seeley, this report examines the relationship between proposed transit system capacity improvements in the downstate metropolitan area, the updated post 9-11 job projections for the Manhattan Central Business District, and regional economic growth. It further explores a number of key issues Ed Seeley first covered in a highly publicized report on these topics for the New York City Department of Transportation in 1997. The findings of this report are relevant to the current discussions concerning the next MTA Five Year program. Ensuring that the MTA maintains a state of good repair and normal replacement is the highest priority of most, if not all transportation policy experts for the next 5 year capital program. Nonetheless, as historians and planners have frequently asserted, New York's growth and prosperity has consistently been tied to additions and improvements to its transportation network and this report suggests this is likely to be the case in the foreseeable future.
Earlier work by the Rudin Center highlighted the dearth of information related to Context Sensitive Solutions (CSS) in large central cities. Urban areas face different issues related to CSS since they must address CSS within the context of large populations and densities, built urban environments, and multiple modes for transportation among other factors. While this initial research identified key issues and provided some examples, it was clear that more work remains to be done in terms of assessing how CSS is used in practice in urban areas. The goal of the present research study, sponsored by the Mineta Transportation Institute, is to provide a more in-depth assessment of how CSS is used in practice in urban areas, touching upon the following points: a) how CSS is incorporated into basic planning, programming, and design; b) what kind of policies have grown out of this process or help guide it; c)how public participation and stakeholder involvement is carried out and measured; d) what kinds of obstacles exist to successfully incorporating CSS in practice; e) what kinds of decisions are finally made in terms of balancing the various needs related to parking, non-motorized traffic, safety and throughput. Recognizing that in California and in many other locations, key arterials are also part of the state highway systems, there will be discussion on the role played by the State and the municipality with an assessment of the types of coordination that are present or needed, and how that affects each of these issues. The resulting report would provide an assessment of these points, along with suggestions on best practices.
This study, funded by the Port Authority of New York & New Jersey, explores the feasibility of freight ferries as an alternative for domestic truck freight movements that cross the Hudson River via existing bridges and tunnels. While 'mode shift' efforts, such as direct rail or barging of material, can reduce some truck movements, trucking will remain a dominant component of the region's freight system and traffic. At the same time, congestion is growing on the region's roadway system, making the evaluation of alternatives for truck movements more imperative.
In partnership with the Mayors Project at Bloomberg Philanthropies, whose aim is to spread proven or promising ideas between cities through a multi-city impact model, Wagner will identify key learnings across cities through the development and implementation Innovation Delivery Teams. These teams, comprised of fellows managed by NYU Wagner, will document and translate learnings into resources other cities can use to develop and deliver powerful solutions to major urban challenges.
NYU Stern and NYU Wagner are working to enhance the joint degree program and offerings with a particular emphasis on the experience and success of students of color. The overall effort has a leadership development and diversity focus and includes joint marketing, shared courses, extracurricular programming, a cross professional school speaker series and aligned career services.
With support from the Federal Transit Administration, the Rudin Center is coordinating a series of peer-to-peer exchanges on Bus Rapid Transit for members of the National Association of Transportation Officials (NACTO). The purpose of this research effort is to provide an opportunity for various large cities around the United States to share information about the BRT and bus running way challenges they face and the solutions that they have developed in response. These practitioner discussions are complemented and supplemented by presentations and advice from outside experts in various relevant disciplines, who help to frame the issues, discuss solutions used around the world, and provide expert opinions on the applicability of various options. The peer-to-peer exchanges are taking place through a series of in-person workshops, in several different cities around the country. This information exchange is being carefully documented by the research team, and will results in a compendium of the discussions, including the options discussed and conclusions reached. In this way, not only do the workshop participants benefit from the discussions, but the process and results of these discussions will be available to other practitioners and researchers.
This Project is designed to help opinion leaders and policy experts explore the connection between public service excellence and successful implementation of action on urgent problems such as banking reform, economic recovery, climate change, homeland security, humanitarian aid, and educational achievement.
Proposal Abstract – Procurement policies are optimized around acquiring a hammer from Hammer Inc. rather than identifying the most effective solution for affixing a nail, which might come from an unexpected and nontraditional source. NYUWagner Capstone students will design the process, policy, and technology for an open and collaborative public procurement process that can be deployed and tested by the World Bank on itself. The goal of the project will be to identify new, open and collaborative public procurement mechanisms or existing best practices to foster the identification, implementation and scaling of innovative solutions to solve the world’s most pressing problems.
For more information about NYU Wagner's Capstone Program, please visit http://wagner.nyu.edu/capstone
For more information about World Bank, please visit http://www.worldbank.org
The Institute for Information Law and Policy will offer a “Certificate of Mastery in Law Practice Technology,” to be awarded as an honor upon graduation to students who have satisfied various requirements.
Each student seeking an award indicating mastery of a particular subject will submit a proposed plan to demonstrate such mastery to an IILP faculty member as early in his or her law school career as practicable, preferably at the beginning of the second year. Any IILP faculty member may approve such a plan and, having done so, must be available to determine whether it has been executed in a satisfactory fashion. Once the faculty member accepts the plan, the student will pursue the proposed plan and then report back to demonstrate its completion – at which point the faculty member will make the award. The IILP will provide some suggested plans and individual guidance to students who want to achieve mastery in particular areas. We anticipate that completion of the plan will take 2 years though, with diligence, the work can be completed over 1 year. The plan can be revised over the course of the student’s law school career to adapt to changing technologies or circumstances.
For more information, please visit the Certificate of Mastery in Law Practice Technology at the New York Law School's Institute for Information Law & Policy (IILP).
IILP Faculty: Professors Johnson, Mills, Noveck, Peritz, Sherwin, Stracher
This award provides the Research Center for Leadership in Action (RCLA) the opportunity to provide programmatic and administrative support for the Annie E. Casey's Children and Family Fellowship Program. In collaboration with the staff of the Annie E. Casey Foundation, RCLA will establish contracts based on criteria and timelines negotiated with Fellowship faculty, provide logistical and research support for its seminars as needed, and serve as thought partners in the on-going development and evaluation of the program.
What Problem Does It Solve?: Most people have difficulty reading and understanding complex legal texts and rules.
How Does It Do That?: A computible diagrams shows the rule structures clearly and allows the user to interact with the statute or rules by turning facts on and off and seeing the resulting conclusions light up.
Why Is It Different?: This is the first system that makes it easy to map complex legal logic into hierarchically nested graphical diagrams that can be used to compute the outcome of particular cases.
Who will use it?: Experts will author diagrams that show the structures and logic embodied in authoritative legal texts, case doctrine, regulations, or organizational rules.
More Detailed Description: The Clickable Statutes software is a client side application developed in Runtime Revolution. There is a library of examples that have been built by law proferssors and law students.
Visit Clickable Statutes online for more information.
Current projects include the following:
What Problem Does It Solve: Overcomes the difficulty with disseminating ideas for design innovations among technical and non-technical participants alike. Putting up screen shots or blog postings on the web make it possible to broadcast an idea but hard to solicit ideas from others for better methods, practices and interfaces.
How Does It Do That: By creating a culture of information sharing and exchange regarding innovation. Instead of a gallery to share vacation photos, these text and image galleries make it simple to upload an idea for a social software innovation and to rate and comment upon those proposals.
Why Is It Different: Unlike Sourceforge or other technology-oriented peer production sites, the Galleries make it possible for non-technical people, such as lawyers and policymakers, to communicate a challenge to the tech community, to get techies thinking about the problem and to communicate the need for technological solutions to non-technical problem solvers.
Who Will Use It: Current instances of the Gallery focus on three audiences but the Gallery could be repurposed for any community to share and trade best practices visually. The three Galleries are:
For more information, visit Collaboration Gov.Gallery online.
This research identifies Manhattan workers' commuting trends over the past decade. In order to pinpoint these trends, researchers examine Census data for Long Island, Westchester, the five boroughs and surrounding counties in order to determine where workers live, gauge their commutes and ascertain whether there is a significant "non-local workforce," (those who live outside the region in places such as Boston and Philadelphia). Additionally, researchers examine isolated demographic information such as income level and occupational description when identifying workers commutes and household locations.
Since the launch of Citywide Performance Reporting by Mayor Michael Bloomberg in 2008, city agencies have increasingly reported to the public on program activities and outcomes. While performance measurement promises more transparent and accountable city government, it presents a number of challenges for city agencies. Nonprofit organizations, turning to performance management to evaluate and enhance their effectiveness and to be eligible for performance-based contracts and grants, are encountering many of the same issues as their public counterparts. In response, RCLA and the management consultancy firm Accenture have launched a series of high-level meetings for public and nonprofit executives to collectively explore the application of performance measures in their sectors. The newly created Working Group on Performance Measurement and Management will focus on data-driven management in public service.
On June 19 - June 20, 2003, the Rudin Center hosted a peer-to-peer exchange session, funded by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and supported by the National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO), on context sensitive design/solutions (CDS/S) in large central cities. Participants at the session were drawn from departments of transportation or public works in nine major cities (Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles, Miami, Minneapolis, New York City, and Philadelphia) and three states (Illinois, Maryland, and New York). Representatives also attended from the American Association of State and Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO), the Association of Metropolitan Planning Organizations (AMPO), and FHWA. Representatives from the NACTO cities agreed that understanding CSD/S and sharing lessons learned and best practices is important for central cities and that because of their unique role in the nation's economy and society there is something fundamentally different about large central cities that renders illustrations from less urbanized areas insufficient. The goal of the session was to lay a foundation for dealing with standards, processes, and the implementation of context sensitive solutions and to identify specific examples that could be used as benchmarks for lessons learned and best practices.
The Contract Commons Project will build an online system to assist government procurement officials with negotiating and drafting technology and software agreements. The goal of Contract Commons is to make it easier for public institutions to obtain better technology and to help vendors elicit the requirements of public sector clients more effectively. Through a partnership with the Stupski Foundation, the first area of focus in the public sector will be K-12 Education.
For more information, visit the Contract Commons project online.
RCLA provides a day-and-a-half long training on cooperative inquiry (CI), prepared and facilitated by two RCLA researchers. RCLA also provides support to the FSU team in the implementation and development of the CI groups. The service is provided by RCLA to the FSU research directors through conference calls, phone conversations and electronic communication.
The Research Center for Leadership in Action (RCLA) is a unique academic center that values practice and supports social change leadership. The overall vision for the center is to support organizations working on the front lines so that they can grow leadership that taps the resources of many voices to make systems and organizations effective, transparent, inclusive and fair. Through partnerships with outside organizations they have been able to address urgent social change agendas and make their name exploring leadership in the social justice and advocacy fields.
Ford Foundation grant to support original research and policy advocacy on woman and communities of color; strengthen organizational infrastructure; expand national data repository; train the next generation of policy-advocates; support scholars, elected officials, and advocates through convenings, symposiums, lectures, and roundtables on issues related to economic security, health disparities, leadership development/transition, and human rights.
The David Bohnett Public Service Fellowship supports students in Wagner's Master of Public Administration or Master of Urban Planning program who have expressed an explicit interest in working for municipal governments to solve our most urgent social issues.
The David Bohnett Public Service Fellowship will support students in Wagner’s Master of Public Administration or Master of Urban Planning program who have expressed an explicit interest in working for municipal governments to solve our most urgent social issues.
Democracy Island overcomes some of the difficulties associated with civic participation and engagement in real space.
The process by which government agencies solicit public comment on proposed rules is badly broken. Federal law requires agencies to consult the public. Yet few members of the public participate.
We propose to build an effective system for conducting citizen participation and consultation for on-line rulemaking. Specifically, we will build and test the first on-line electronic rulemaking process in a 3D on-line space using the technology behind massively multiplayer games. Massively multiplayer online games have become a key frontier in the evolution of cyberspace. They are the next interface to the Internet. Unlike the text-based World Wide Web, the graphical environments of digital worlds offer their inhabitants three-dimensional, fully immersive, virtual worlds where characters interact, trade and participate in a wide-range of social and commercial relations. Populated by hundreds of thousands of people, virtual worlds are fast becoming one of the largest entertainment industries and a new locus of social relations. An estimated 20 million people worldwide subscribe to a digital world; one-third of them spend more than 4 hours a day participating in a virtual community. Unlike old fashioned videogames, virtual worlds are spaces where real, adult players create their own experience by crafting original characters, objects and stories. People gather in these universes to participate in building new worlds, not to shoot space invaders. Players do not act alone; they collaborate to create the space itself.
Visit Democracy Island for more information.
Disparities in the financial flows between the federal government and the states have been a source of contention for several decades as states seek to receive what they consider an equitable share of federal funding. How to define "equitable" is a source of debate in itself, but one that cannot even begin to be addressed until specific facts and figures are known. A series of reports, referred to as the "Fisc reports" have gone a long way to providing such data and have shown, for example, that New York's total balance of payments deficit with the federal government in FY99 was the fourth largest in the country, behind California, Illinois, and New Jersey. In non-defense discretionary spending, which includes transportation, New York ranked 41 out of the 50 states. However, the category of non-defense discretionary spending includes numerous Federal programs in agriculture, education, environmental protection, housing, and national parks as well as transportation. The goal of this project was to assess New York's proportional share of federal funding specifically for transportation and, in particular, transit. Conducted over a period of six months, beginning in November 2002, the study resulted in Dividing the Pie: Placing the Transportation Donor-Donee Debate in Perspective, by Mark Seaman and Allison L. C. de Cerreño, which provides an accurate picture of the status of federal funding to the states.
U.S. students graduate from high school at unacceptably low rates, experience persistent race-based graduation gaps, and show no upward trend in achievement. This project makes use of rich longitudinal data on New York CIty's high school students to estimate the impact of small high schools on student performance and identify the characteristics of schools that may explain differential effectiveness. Consistent with this goal, the project also analyzes an existing longitudinal database to explore relationships between school size, other school viariables and student outcomes to inform high school reform.
Government regulation requires that developers must provide a minimum amount of off-street parking spaces on a particular site. The objective of this regulation is to prevent developers from overexploiting the free on-street parking provided by government. Because this minimum requirement is often set up based on the peak demand over a year, it has often been criticized as over-supplying off-street parking and contributing to increased traffic congestion, auto dependency, urban sprawl, degraded urban space and reduced housing affordability. Those who oppose minimum parking requirements tote maximum off-street parking requirements as an alternative policy which will help remedy the above perceived ills. However, with the exception of a few sporadic studies on individual developments, no communities in the United States have attempted to implement such a regulation. Therefore, scholars have yet to prove that a switch to maximum requirements would eliminate excessive off-street parking. In contrast, London in UK switched from a minimum to a maximum standard after 2000. This research will collect the minimum and maximum requirements from the 33 boroughs in London, the level of government where parking policies are made, plus building permits for new residential developments from 2004 to the present. Researchers will then match the parking requirement to the new development and identify if there is a gap between “actually supplied” and the “maximum requirement”. The goal of the proposed research is to prove or disprove the effectiveness of a maximum parking requirement in eliminating excessive off-street parking.
Street cleaning is often a heated topic due to its impact on street parking, particularly in dense urban neighborhoods. In 2011 in New York City, three bills which aim to reduce street cleaning will be voted on by the City Council. Supporters of these bills assert that street cleaning forces residents to use their vehicles more often, contribute to increased traffic and air pollution. However, there is no evidence to support such argument. The goal of the proposed research is to investigate the impact of street cleaning on travel behavior. Researchers at Wagner Mobility and the Rudin Center hypothesize that households with off-street parking tend to drive less on street cleaning days but households with only on-street parking tend to drive more on street cleaning days. Researchers will conduct a survey in which households will report their travel behavior. Some will report on street-cleaning days, while others (the control group) will report their behavior on non-street cleaning days. The households themselves will decide if they will fill out the travel survey on street cleaning or non-street cleaning day, therefore providing the researchers with a random sample.
NYU has established this dual-degree masters program in Jewish communal service to synergistically link the world-class Skirball Department of Hebrew and Judaic Studies with the Robert F. Wagner School of Public Service. The goal of this grant is to provide support for outstanding young men and women dedicated to training and then service as Jewish leaders in a wide array of communal organizations.
What Problem Does It Solve: The lack of an effective interface for providing input into a decisionmaking process that is manageable for the rulewriter and useful for the citizen.
How Does It Do That: By creating a sense of the community of practice and showing the relationship between commenters and the information they are commenting upon.
Why Is It Different: This is the first visual design of an interface for the legal process of citizen participation. It is the first designed to connect citizens to each other.
Who Will Use It: All federal government agencies and the public responding to rulemakings.
Other Potential Uses: While designed to remedy a specific problem with federal rulemaking, these designs and the ideas that underlie them could be applied to local and state rulemaking and all forms of citizen participation or any decisionmaking process requiring input. Ideal for building communities of practice.
More Detailed Description: The E-rulemaking interfaces present communities of practice in visual form, making it easy to see the level of agency activity and public comment at each stage. Tools include interfaces for: joining a community of practice, searching agency rulemaking activity, reviewing and commenting upon a proposal, identifying iconographically whether comments are scientific, legal or narrative, commenting upon comments, rating comments and summarizing comments. A complete description of functionality is available in: Beth Simone Noveck, The Electronic Revolution in Rulemaking, 53 Emory Law Journal 1 (2004).
Lead Designer: Beth Simone Noveck
For more information, visit E-Rulemaking Gallery online.
MS. Foundation for Women supports Women of Color Policy Network's efforts to increase its capacity to engage state and federal legislators and policy makes on ensuring that funds from ARRA are reaching the most low-income women and their families, specifically focusing on components of ARRA that focus on wage advancement, education and training, and safety nets to benefit single-women heads of households and women of color including childcare.
The Wagner Experience Fund (WEF) was created to support Wagner students in the pursuit of meaningful public service experience through unpaid summer internships. It is designed to help students apply the theories and skills obtained through their coursework in a professional context, expand their professional networks, develop and evaluate their career goals, and gain the skills and experiences needed to enhance post-Wagner career prospects.
The Encore project was developed to conduct research that better anticipated the plans of baby-boomers and provide models for retooling Jewish organizations and institutions to more effectively maximize the resources Jewish baby boomers have to offer.
At the request of the New York State Assembly Legislative Commission on Critical Transportation Choices, and funded by an appropriation made available from the New York Department of Transportation's budget, the Rudin Center completed a one-year study of Environmental Justice (EJ) in New York State. Conducted by Linda Spock, a Visiting Scholar to the Center, the study involved a literature search and interviews with various federal, state, and local agencies, transportation planning entities, and interested constituency groups to determine the extent of EJ activities throughout the state and especially in agencies related to transportation. The resulting report summarizes EJ activities within the state, compares the activities here with those in other states, and highlights key considerations for further study by New York State.
A major reason for the paucity of research on health service delivery in developing countries is the lack of data available to monitor and analyze health system performance. The goal of this project is to establish ongoing health care provider, health care facility, and public opinion surveys to monitor health system performance, evaluate the effectiveness of health policies, and to conduct world-class multidisciplinary research on health service delivery in Ghana.
Project to develop, review, and revise health home performance metrics and measures, and patient outcome measures related to health home performance.
Evaluation of the Women's World Banking Center for Microfinance Leadership (CML) by Wagner's Research Center for Leadership in Action in order to generate new knowledgewithin the organization and in the microfinance sector as a whole.
Part of a larger project assessing the efficacy of value pricing and changes in the toll schedule on Port Authority facilities, the Rudin Center documented the decision-making process leading up to and immediately following the implementation of value pricing so as to derive lessons learned that could be utilized when implementing similar programs elsewhere.
Historically, transit agencies have implemented fare increases largely on an "as needed" basis. In practice, this has resulted in relatively infrequent changes in fares which are often large in magnitude by virtue of the need to "catch up" on expenses since the previous fare change. This study examines an alternative approach to fare policy - "programmed fare increases" to keep up with expenses on a pre-determined regular basis. This report documents and synthesizes the experience of twelve transit agencies with programmed fare increases. Interestingly, many of the agencies did not know of each other's experience with similar fare policies prior to this study. While still the exception rather than the rule, the research shows that programmed fare increases can be viable across a range of transit agency sizes, organization types, and funding structures. Whatever their individual differences in policy and practice, the experiences of the agencies studied suggest the importance of clearly communicating the need for regular fare increases to transit customers in the context of agencies' efforts to maintain service, constrain costs, and address customer needs and concerns. Collectively, the limited but nonetheless significant experience of the case study agencies represented in this report sets a precedent for the practice of programmed fare increases. This report provides a resource for transit agencies' consideration of adopting programmed fare increases by documenting the actual experience and lessons learned by peer agencies to date.
A joint effort funded by NYMTC and led by the Center for Advanced Infrastructure & Transportation at Rutgers University, this study will determine the feasibility of developing freight villages in the NYMTC Region. The Rudin Center will be leading the effort related to public outreach, an important element of this study. The public outreach component of the project aims to engage the freight provider community, as well as community leaders, business leaders, and the general public through a series of outreach meetings that will be held around the region. The purpose of these outreach meetings is to: elicit comment and feedback on key aspects of the study and its initial findings; educate and inform the public in general; inform and discuss potential obstacles and solutions with the stakeholder community specifically; provide a reality check for key concepts; and, finally; report back the results of the study. Information gathered through the public outreach process will be incorporated throughout the study and into the final report.
The Financial Access Initiative (FAI) is a consortium of researchers at NYU, Yale, Harvard and IPA focused on finding answers to how financial sectors can better meet the needs of poor households. Financial access holds the promise to help low-income individuals in developing countries manage their economic lives and build wealth. The Initiative aims to provide rigorous research on the impacts of financial access and on innovative ways to improve access.
The primary focus of this project is reshaping the field of Graduate Education in public service, providing appropriate and necessary training for the next generation of public service managers and leaders. This proposal advances the argument that a social justice perspective - a lens on the sytematic, insititutional and structural conditions that constrain individual and community development - is a necessary and underdeveloped analytical tool in policy curricula.
In 2000, the U.S. Department of Transportation estimated annual investment needs over the next 20 years of $56.6 billion for highways and bridges and $10.8 billion for transit, simply to maintain the nation's existing infrastructure. At the same time, current baseline projections from the Congressional Budget Office show that the Highway Account of the Highway Trust Fund (HTF) will be depleted by 2006 and that the Mass Transit Account balance will fall to $0 three years later. In the swirl of debate on reauthorization of federal transportation funding, these projections have spurred a number of recommendations aimed at shoring up the financial base of the HTF. This study, conducted by the Rudin Center's Co-Director, Allison L. C. de Cerreño, explored the fragility of the current means for funding the Highway Trust Fund. The report elaborates on the causes of this fragility, analyzes the various proposals for bolstering the fund, and provides an assessment of the potential impact on New York.
On his first day in office, President Obama issued the Memorandum on Transparency and Open Government, calling for changing the culture of government and creating more effective institutions characterized by unprecedented transparency, participation, and collaboration. Every major department and agency now has its own Open Government Plan with proposed innovations.
At the Open Government R&D Summit on March 21-22, 2011 at the National Archives of the United States, government officials and academics gathered to set the foundation for a robust R&D agenda that ensures the benefits of open government are widely realized, with emphasis on how open government can spur economic growth and improve the lives of everyday Americans.
The goal of the conference was to articulate how best to gauge the effects and effectiveness of open government and encourage the engagement of the research community with the government community — Geeks and Wonks — across various disciplines in identifying the most important questions that must be studied.
For more information, visit Geeks for Wonks online.
Working together with San José State University, the Rudin Center was involved in an effort on high-speed rail (HSR), funded by the Mineta Transportation Institute. The goal of this study was to identify those lessons learned for successfully developing and implementing HSR in the United States. Given the early stages of these projects, "success" cannot be based on implementation, but will be based upon whether a given HSR project is still actively pursuing development and/or funding. The work proceeded in two phases. Phase 1 constitutes a literature review that looks back to federal (and where warranted, state) legislation to determine what was intended in terms of objectives and criteria identified in the legislation; and briefly assesses all HSR efforts in the United States since 1980 to determine their history and current status. Phase 2 includes a more in-depth study of several of these cases along with a number of interviews. The study provides a unique and valuable contribution to the field by providing a much-needed and strong foundation upon which additional research in this area could be based.
In August 2005, the Mineta Transportation Institute issued the report, High-Speed Rail Projects in the United States: Identifying the Elements for Success. The report noted that since the 1960s, high-speed ground transportation (HSGT) has "held the promise of fast, convenient, and environmentally sound travel for distances between 40 and 600 miles." After briefly discussing the different experiences with HSGT between the United States and its Asian and European counterparts, the report proceeded to review three U.S. cases-Florida, California, and the Pacific Northwest-as a means for identifying lessons learned for successfully implementing high-speed rail (HSR) in the United States. This report is, in essence, volume 2 of the previous study. Also using a comparative case study approach, this effort adds to the earlier work with three additional cases-the Chicago Hub, the Keystone Corridor, and the Northeast Corridor (NEC). As with the earlier report, the goal of this study is to identify lessons learned for successfully implementing HSR in the United States. Given the early stages of most of these projects, "success" is defined by whether a given HSR project is still actively pursuing development or funding. However, in the case of the Northeast Corridor, a fuller discussion of success is provided since HSR has been implemented on that corridor for some time now.
This project investigates the relationship between the spatial patterns of housing choice voucher use and crime, by using census tract level data on crime and housing vouchers from eleven cities. Specifically, this project will examine whether changes in the location of households using housing vouchers are associated with changes in the spatial distribution of city crime. In other words, does crime follow voucher holders?
Research study on the enforcement of land use and planning laws by public prosecutors in Brazil, the goal of which is to contribute to the understanding of policy implementation, it's historical evolution, modes of action, and organization structure of Brazilian prosecutors as they enforce environmental laws.
Though there is evidence that recent policies have been successful at deconcentrating poverty, we know very little about the extent to which these efforts have succeeded in granting subsidized households access to lower crime environments. This project responds to these gaps in literature by providing a generalizable study that examines recent attempts by Housing and Urban Development and local policymakers to deconcentrate subsidized housing.
Though there is evidence that recent policies have been successful at deconcentrating poverty, we know very little about the extent to which these efforts have succeeded in granting subsidized households access to lower crime environments. This project responds to these gaps in literature by providing a generalizable study that examines recent attempts by Housing and Urban Development and local policymakers to deconcentrate subsidized housing.
The Environmental Economics Unit (EEU) joined with two internationally leading research partners, Indiana University (IU) and Resources for the Future (RFF) will aid in the development of methodologies and research on irrigation and forestry systems. This research project is divided into four interdisciplinary research themes: 1) Individual behaviour, cooperation and trust, 2) Quality of Life for People and Animals, 3) Fairness and Distributional Issues of Management and Policies and 4) Governance, Policies and Sustainable Management. In order to facilitate interaction within each team and between teams there will be thematic workshops and an annual meeting.
This report is the culmination of a study, funded by the New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT), that seeks to identify and recommend means for reducing one set of barriers--namely institutional barriers--to effective and efficient freight movement in the downstate New York region. The goals of the report are four-fold: (1) to identify and analyze institutional barriers to effective and efficient freight movement in the downstate New York region; (2) to identify potential means for overcoming such barriers; (3) to identify regional actions that could potentially improve the movement of freight in the downstate New York region; and (4) to identify a set of priority actions that could be taken. The findings of this report call for efforts aimed at increasing communication, sharing best practices, and gathering additional information.
This project is working to establish a cadre of technologists and scientists who can integrate technical, legal, financial, and psychological aspects into practical solutions that people can depend on. The new paradigm in security education that we advocate is one where a student is rigorously prepared in multiple disciplines that relate to information security. A graduate from the INSPIRE program will be able to translate the foundational principles of security and privacy into information technologies based on a deep understanding of social, economic, behavioral and public policy implications and requirements.
This research project, in response to the "Research on the Economics of Diet, Activity and Energy Balance" addresses how obesity is evaluated along with the role individual and community level economic factors have in influencing the effectiveness of this public policy.
Researchers focus on mobile technology and its relationship and potential relationship to transportation in metropolitan regions. Primary emphasis is given to the various ways new mobile technologies can provide cost efficient solutions to current challenges in transportation, particularly through smartphones and mobile apps, Near Field Communications (NFC), mobile commerce, open data initiatives. Researchers examine issues of wireless and user/developer demographics across major U.S. metro areas in considering how these new technologies may provide solutions to transportation challenges in the United States.
The Institute for Information Law & Policy at New York Law School is proud to present Innovate / Activate: An Unconference on IP and Activism. The inaugural Innovate / Activate unconference, co-sponsored by Google and the Yale Law School Information Society Project, brought together over 100 activists, academics, professionals, and students from around the world to collectively explore the ways in which IP influences global welfare.
Participants came from a wide range of practice, representing the unique perspectives of organizations from abroad, such as the Center for International Environmental Law in Geneva, the Institute for Science, Innovation, and Ethics in Manchester, and the Centre for Internet and Society in Bangalore; domestic institutions like IBM, the Open Video Alliance, and MIT OpenCourseWare; and student-led endeavors like Universities Allied for Essential Medicines, Students for Free Culture, and the Redactive Poetry Project.
The ideas, conversations, and relationships that arose over the course of the two days have already begun to inspire new action and collaboration. Taking the lessons learned from the unconference, students from New York Law School have created an IP and activism strategy guide, to be published by New Tactics in Human Rights.
An archive of the Innovate / Activate Unconference, including videos of all the presentations, is available here.
Visit Innovate / Activate online for more information.
The NIH Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) program allows innovative research teams to accelerate discovery and further science aimed at improving the health of our nation. The program encourages collaborative teams of diverse investigators to take on complex health and research challenges in order to find ways to turn their discoveries into practical solutions for patients.
This project is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Transportation, Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), with Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI) as the lead academic institution. The objectives of the study are to: a) design and develop a self-sustaining urban freight traffic management system for the New York City Metropolitan area integrating state of the art remote sensing technology, cutting edge freight demand management, traffic simulation, and policy; and b) combine revenue generation power of pricing, with tax deductions to receivers willing to accept off-peak deliveries, and GPS based traffic monitoring, to induce a shift of truck traffic to the off-hours. As part of this effort, institutional and policy challenges and alternatives need to be identified and assessed. The NYU Wagner Rudin Center is leading the public outreach activities by forming Advisory Groups, gathering the information needed to identify and assess the key institutional and policy issues relevant to freight demand management, leading consensus building workshop with stakeholders and describing a set of policies, institutional arrangements, and mechanisms that should be considered. Phase 2 of this project will include Implementation.
Through the same request and appropriation as the EJ project, the Rudin Center also undertook a study of intelligent transportation systems (ITS) with the purpose of providing a comprehensive review of how they relate to New York State transportation programs and policy. The study was led by Henry Peyrebrune, a Rudin Center Visiting Scholar. Phase I painted, in broad brush strokes, a picture of the various ITS activities around the state and outlined 10 key issues for further research; Phase II focused in on three of those issues: (1) the use of ITS for national and state security in light of the terrorists attacks of 9/11/01; (2) institutional issues regarding information sharing and program coordination; and, (3) ITS as a safety and enforcement tool, with a case study on increased truck traffic at the Hunts Point Market in the Bronx.
Much of America's highway construction and maintenance is funded by the federal fuel tax, which has not been increased since 1993. This project explores the challenges that lie ahead in highway finance and highlights the strengths of a flexible pricing model on the Interstate Highway System to maintain long term solvency for the highway account.
In Spring 2011, NYU Wagner will offer Advocacy Lab, a new clinical course in which students are introduced to the theory and practice of issue advocacy and community organizing. A collaboration between Professors David Elcott and Erica Foldy, Advocacy Lab is designed to have an impact on a particular social justice issue while creating cohorts of future public service leaders who know and value the tools of organizing and advocacy as methods of social change.
Short Description: Faculty at New York Law School are currently developing new ways to help students learn law by interacting with software programs outside of class.
Current projects include the following:
What Problem Does It Solve?: Faculty time is limited. Students learn most effectively when they can play a role, build an argument structure or take actions based on their understanding of the material. Multiple choice tests don’t probe true understanding. But essays are difficult to grade. The interactive systems we are working on allow students to build legal structures, play a role, or use interactivity to explore relationships between legal concepts.
How Does It Do That?: These systems are designed to be very easy to author. A non-technical faculty member can create a new exercise in no more time than it takes to come up with a good hypothetical for use in class. The student can then use these systems at their own convenience, between classes, to develop a better understanding of the subject matter. Because these systems use semantic objects, the student’s work can be evaluated (scored) automatically – and the student can “re-play” the exercises again and again to reinforce the learning experience.
Why Is It Different?: All of these tools are designed to allow a non-technical faculty member to author an interactive learning tool very quickly. The interactivity is designed to reinforce learning. The object oriented structure allows real time assessment of student performance. And playing with these interactive learning tools is fun.
Who Will Use It?: Teachers and students.
Other Potential Uses: Creation of educational objects for use by anyone on the web.
More Detailed Description: See the IT Gallery
Lead Designer: David R. Johnson
Sponsors: New York Law School.
For more information, visit IT in Law Teaching online.
Jewish Foundation for Education of Women supports and funds students in the Dual Degree Program in Nonporfit Management and Jewish Studies at the Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service (Wagner School). The JFEW Fellowship at NYU Wagner helps the Dual degree students gain essential skill, experiences, and contacts; at the same time, it would enable JFEW to nurture and prepare future leaders.
Lead the Way is a unique capacity building and leadership program for racial and ethnic minority women who are mid-level manager and emerging Executive Directors in non-profit organizations from across the country working in fields related to education, public service, social service delivery, or social change. The program provides direct training and support to 60-80 women of color mid-level managers and emerging Executive Directors working in fields related to public service, social services, and social change.
Through an objective assessment of walkability which takes into account elements that affects the quality of walking facilities and conditions which make walking safe comfortable and convenient (Centre for Science and Environment 2009) this study is documenting the current conditions of the walking environments in Hong Kong and New York. The secondary objective is to identify areas of improvement for creating more pedestrian-friendly streets. The improvement in the friendliness of roads and streets will benefit all members of the communities.
Made possible in part by the Revson Foundation, the goal of the The Mandell L. Berman Jewish Policy Archive (JPA) is to collect and make available online, free of charge, original research and related materials on Jewish life in North America in order to inform policy decisions in the Jewish community. JPA will help scholars, students, lay leaders, foundations, practitioners, and researchers. It will also create a platform for discussion about the major policy questions facing Jewish life in North America.
This project works to advance national conversations, policies and strategies to move low-income families and single-women heads of households out of poverty and toward economic security by conducting research and public education about programs and policies that lead to increased self sufficiency.
This project seeks to advance national conversations, policies and strategies to move low-income families and single-women heads of households out of poverty and toward economic security by conducting research and public education about programs and policies that lead to increased self sufficiency.
Walking is central to all types of travel. However, pedestrian infrastructure represents a challenge to the time and cost-based transportation planning paradigm. This is because the pace of walking is not normally a major concern, and pedestrians may prefer the company of other pedestrians to walking alone. Walking has been omitted from the transportation planning framework until very recently, and policy-makers continue to have difficulties in evaluating pedestrian-related projects and justifying their benefits. In many cases, pedestrian infrastructure remains a decoration instead of the foundation of the overall transportation system. To examine the issue further, this research measured the perceived utility of pedestrian infrastructure by observing pedestrian choices between two types of walking paths: a short, but poorly maintained path and a longer, amenable path. By quantifying the perception and converting it into a monetary or time value, planners can use this approach to expand the familiar time and cost frameworks to evaluate pedestrian-related projects. The research first tested whether such a trade-off exists using downtown Boston as a setting. Results showed that amenities such as sidewalk width and open space affect pedestrian path choices—many pedestrians choose indirect but more pleasant streets over more direct but less attractive streets. Subsequent work estimated the perceived utility of these pedestrian environment factors. For example, Boston Common, a public park, has a perceived utility of 2.9 minutes, or a 10-minute walk in Boston Common is perceived to be 7.1 minutes due to its amenities. Beacon Hill has a negative perception of 3.5 minutes, meaning that a 10-minute walk over its hilly topography is perceived to be 13.5 minutes. The research generated a utility map that shows the quantified amenities for each street as a whole and by individual features of the street in downtown Boston. Planners can use this map to locate street improvements in a large area, the type of improvements needed, and the costs and benefits of such improvements.
A metro map is a diagram that shows the relative location, length, and direction of stations and lines in a subway system. It often displays a distorted rather than an accurate spatial layout. Such a map should be able to effect passengers’ decisions on which line to choose, path to take, at which station to transfer, and subsequently the performance of a subway system. This research investigates whether different map designs can help shift riders from one line to another, and mitigate the bottleneck problem in the Washington DC subway system. The DC subway system crosses Potomac River at two locations: Rosslyn Tunnel and 14th Street Bridge. Rosslyn Tunnel serves Orange Line and Blue Line and is currently at capacity. However, the planned Silver Line (under construction) will pass Rosslyn Tunnel, which will create a bottleneck at this location. The transit agency, WMATA, intends to shift 30 percent of the Blue line capacity to 14th Street Bridge lines. The proposed study will test an alternative solution that redesigning the subway map, making the 14th Street Bridge path (between Pentagon and L’Enfant Plaza) appear shorter on the map in order to “mis-guide” riders away from the Rosslyn Tunnel. The various map designs will be shown to recruited participants who will be asked to choose the best path for pre-selected origin-destination pairs. The path choices of the participants in these focus groups will help answer the research question, can a distorted metro map influence passengers’ travel decisions.
This project is sponsored by the New York State Department of Transportation with matching funds from USDOT (UTRC). The objectives of this project are to develop proposed procedures for qualitatively and quantitatively analyzing mobile source air toxics (MSAT) impacts in NYSDOT NEPA and State Environmental Quality Review Act (SEQRA) environmental documents and identify feasible MSAT mitigation measures for NYSDOT capital improvement projects and facilities. The NYSDOT MSAT analysis procedures will be based on the FHWA “Interim Guidance on Air Toxic Analysis in NEPA Documents,” but expanded to be specific to the analyses of transportation projects in New York State. The project will involve consultation with several stakeholders, including the Federal Highway Administration, US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), NYS Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC), and NYS Department of Health (NYSDOH).
Sponsored by the University Transportation Research Center (UTRC, Region 2), the goal of this research project is to improve the understanding of passengers’ behavior and the key factors inducing the use of public transportation alternatives, rather than personal mobility options. The central point that this research will make is that the transit under-served area (TUSA) market has a great potential to contribute to mode shift and ridership increase in public transit if the cost of driving continues to increase and the service of public transit continues to improve. Residents of TSUAs in New York City have plausible public transit options, provided certain modifications and their needs could be met cost-effectively without significant expansion of the existing network. This research aims to elaborate this point by exploring several TSUAs in New York City, and attaining the following goals: 1) to understand the multiple travel options that TUSA residents face; 2) to analyze current modal choice decisions and possible responses to policy interventions; and, 3) to draw policy implications that could help transit agencies recruit new customers from TUSAs, while retaining existing customers and building strong constituencies in this new era.
Launched in 2008, the Moral Courage Project (MCP) aims to develop leaders who will challenge political correctness, intellectual conformity and self-censorship. In the best spirit of liberal education, the project teaches that rights come with responsibilities, that we are citizens rather than members of mere tribes, and that meaningful diversity embraces different ideas and not just identities. Visit the Website
Fund for: * To work with MDRC staff to extract NY Medicaid claims data needed for the evaluation and perform basic quality checks such as calculating descriptive statistics. * discussions about evaluation design * to conduct more detailed quality checks of data. * Mentor MDRC technical staff working on the project in understanding NY Medicaid data. * Draft design of cost reconciliation calculations.
The New York Metropolitan Transportation Council (NYMTC)'s Regional Transportation Plan includes an evaluation of the Region's highway needs, including infrastructure life cycle replacement and maintenance, levels of current congestion, 20 year forecasts of traffic growth and analysis of financial resources needed to meet the Region's needs. The Rudin Center is working with NYMTC members and staff to strengthen the analysis and recommendations of the highway portion of NYMTC's Regional Transportation Plan by (1) evaluating highway initiatives being used to address regional highway needs in this and other regions; (2) setting NYMTC's highway analysis and recommendations into a larger regional context that includes northern New Jersey, southwestern Connecticut and New York counties to the north of NYMTC's region; and (3) preparing a highway issues report and holding a conference on the region's highway needs that will illustrate and educate a broad audience including elected officials, agency heads, and department commissioners about the need to address this region's highway needs.
Led by Paulette Goddard Professor of Public Service, Paul C. Light, the NYUAD Center for Global Public Service and Social Impact is designed to support the entrepreneurial, effective, and efficient production of public value by governments, nongovernmental organizations, and private social ventures. It is built upon a broad commitment toward creating the highest quality of life around the globe. The Center’s mission is to advance international understanding and effective practice for strengthening the global public service as a driver of social impact in a constantly changing international environment.
The creation of a Global Center for Public Service at NYU Abu Dhabi, led by Paulette Goddard Professor of Public Service, Paul C. Light.
Funded by the U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration, as part of its Metropolitan Capacity Building Program, the goals of this study were four-fold: (1) to identify and review comprehensively on-street parking policies and management practices in large cities; (2) to determine the impact that parking has on transportation, development, and land-use; (3) to recommend best practice strategies for parking in large cities; and, (4) to facilitate a practical exchange between cities of information to improve parking policy and management. Conducted by the Rudin Center's Co-Director, Allison L. C. de Cerreño, the study involved a literature review, a questionnaire to which nine large central cities responded, and a peer-to-peer exchange session. The resulting report makes a significant contribution to the literature on on-street parking and outlines best practices to be shared with city officials around the country.
Access to the legal system in the United States today is shockingly unequal. One reason for this disparity is that legal materials — everything from court decisions to treatises — are often locked up in expensive and inconvenient formats. Just finding out what the law is can be an arduous process for the general public, especially those too poor to afford expensive lawyers and WestLex’s astronomical fees. We can fix this.
Our inspiration came from Wikipedia, the Web, and other “open source” knowledge generation systems, which have proven time and again the value of combining mountains of data, standardized machine-readable formats, and a policy of open access by anyone interested. They harness the creative ferment of millions of volunteers to outperform supposed “experts.” Projects like Cornell’s Legal Information Institute, public.resource,org, and Altlaw have made serious inroads at opening up the world of legal materials to the public. Open Access Laws worked to go further.
Participants of the project devised and implemented strategies to rapidly increase the quality of legal materials available to the public while massively decreasing the difficulty of consulting them. They simultaneously worked to move legal materials en masse into publicly-accessible, machine-readable, well-structured forms — and to build upon those collections to create innovative tools that assist lawyers and the public to synthesize those materials into readily comprehensible forms.
IILP Faculty: James Grimmelmann
For more information, visit Open Access Laws online.
Building on the work of the federal Open Government Initiative and the work of pathbreaking cities such as Portland and San Francisco, many municipalities are looking for ways to collaborate better with residents to identify innovative solutions common challenges informed by public data.
New York City, too, has been considering legislation for the last two years to create the framework for systematic publication of information on the Internet in formats that the public can reuse. With this data, people can conduct research and analysis to make the city work better and more effectively. They can also develop new tools, such as educational computer programs or handheld applications, to help the public make better choices or just to inform themselves about New York City with the kind of granular information that only city agencies have. Most importantly, open data is means to the end of fostering greater democratic participation and collaboration between the people and their government.
Both the City Council and the Administration are working on new drafts with an eye toward introducing (and passing, we hope!) legislation again. We know from experience that there’s a very big gap to bridge between ambitious principles of full-scale transparency and the practical realities of making data universally available online in real-time in open formats. There are technical, political, legal, and cultural hurdles to overcome.
In the hope of helping New York City’s government and public interest groups with crafting the legislation and translating the law into a practical implementation plan for day-to-day transparency, the Democracy Design Workshop at New York Law School has put together the attached PowerPoint “deck” with some suggestions for how to “do open data” practically and effectively.
Click here to download the deck.
For more information, visit the Open Data Policy and Practice online.
NYU Wagner is hosting a multidisciplinary group of thinkers and doers funded by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation to explore the possibility of creating a Research Network on “Opening Government.” This“pre-network” group will analyze the potential impact of technology on democratic institutions—specifically, how we can use technology to create more collaborative ways of governing to tackle the world’s hardest problems.
For more information, visit Wagner Governance Lab.
Funded by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the OrgPedia project is developing a free, not-for-profit online directory of data about domestic and international, public and private companies.
OrgPedia will be a comprehensive, open, public data resource and analytic engine for understanding the corporate world. It will collect data about the world’s corporations – who they are, who owns them, who they own, and how and where they operate. It will provide a website, search engine and analytic tools for regulators, researchers, and many others, including corporations themselves, to use this data both to look up information about individual corporations, and also to research interrelationships between companies and industries.
Designed by a consortium of leading technology experts at Rensselaer Polytechnic, MIT, New York Law School and NYU, OrgPedia will be a powerful tool to study the corporate world. It will enable government regulatory agencies to use data about regulated entities more effectively, and will allow researchers in or out of government to import OrgPedia data and analytic tools into their own websites and use OrgPedia to do new analyses and build new applications.
After conducting the successful Context Sensitive Solutions (CSS) in Large Central Cities workshop in June 2003, the Rudin Center and the National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO) agreed that in tackling other areas of concern for large central cities, it would be useful to employ the same format. NACTO identified the issue of pedestrian and bicyclist standards and innovations as a key area in need of further exploration, and the Federal Highway Administration agreed to provide funding. Thus, the Rudin Center conducted a two phase project involving research of the issue, a workshop for exchanging knowledge and ideas, and a summary report outlining steps for moving forward.
The New York City Department of Transportation (NYCDOT), the sponsor of this project, has identified pedestrian safety and mobility as high priorities and has devoted significant resources to pedestrian safety improvement programs. A variety of safety programs and initiatives have been implemented by NYCDOT over the past fifteen years. Such programs and initiatives appear to have been successful. Despite such improvements in pedestrian safety, pedestrians in New York City are still more vulnerable to motor vehicle-related crashes than those living in other parts of New York State or the United States, because of its unique characteristics in terms of population density, pedestrian volume, and dense urban built environment. Recognizing that a multitude of factors impact pedestrian safety and that these factors may vary not just nationally, but within cities, the NYU Wagner Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management, the Center for Transportation Injury Research at CUBRC and State University of New York-Buffalo, the Rensselaer Polytechnic University, and Baruch College, are conducting a joint study aimed at identifying specific locations and means for further improving pedestrian safety in New York City. The goals of the proposed study are three-fold: (1) to identify priority locations for pedestrian safety engineering treatments; (2) to identify priority treatments by location type; and, (3) and to suggest recommendations based on the 5 E's of safety: Engineering, Enforcement, Encouragement, Education, and Evaluation.
Funded by Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), this study tackles the pedestrian safety issues while specifically addressing the needs and challenges associated with potential high-risk population groups that will be identified in the initial months of the study. Working closed with the current members of National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO), as well as several non-NACTO large central cities as appropriate, the goal of the study is to identify the key areas of concern, the potential means for addressing them and the types of policy decisions that would need to be made in order to increase safety for pedestrians in high-risk groups. More specifically, the objectives of this research are to: (1) review related materials on pedestrian safety, with special attention to high-risk populations; (2) collect information about issues, tools, planning methods, and policies for pedestrian safety in large central cities, and to collect available data on pedestrian fatalities and injuries at the city- and facility-level (e.g. school zone and roads) where available; (3) identify high-risk populations and specific safety hazards affecting them through qualitative and quantitative analysis, using the information and data collected in (2); and, (4) suggest tools, recommended practices and performance measures for planning, and policies that would be helpful to improve pedestrian safety for high-risk populations.
What Problem Does It Solve: The sole patent examiner is not good at uncovering prior art, determining obviousness or utility or deciding what inventions merit a 20-year grant of monopoly rights.
How Does It Do That: By connecting the community of scientific experts to evaluate the merit of inventions for patent protection, the peer-to-patent system brings a much wider array of expertise to bear on making decisions about national innovation. This on-line system combines the technologies of collaborative filtering and reputation to offer on-line patent blue ribbon juries.
Why Is It Different: It replaces the single examiner with the group of scientific experts.
Who Will Use It: Government patent offices to reduce the burden on patent examiners and increase the quality of innovation.
More Details: The patent system is broken. The United States Patent Office, which was intended to foster innovation and the promotion of progress in the useful arts, instead, creates uncertainty and monopoly. Underpaid and overwhelmed examiners routinely approve petitions without review. They struggle under the burden of 350,000 patent applications per year. As a result, multiple patents have been given for the same invention or patents awarded for inventions discovered previously. But what if we could also make it easier to ensure that only the most worthwhile inventions got twenty years of monopoly rights? What if we could offer a way to protect the inventor’s investment while still safeguarding the marketplace of ideas from bad inventions? What if we could make informed decisions about scientifically complex problems before the fact? What if we could harness collective intelligence to replace bureaucracy? This modest proposal harnesses social reputation and collaborative filtering technology to create a peer review system of scientific experts ruling on innovation. By using social software, we can apply the “wisdom of the crowd” – or, more accurately the wisdom of the experts – to complex social and scientific problems and bring more expertise to bear. This has far reaching implications beyond the patent process. It implies a fundamental rethinking of our assumptions about governance.
Team: Prof. Beth Simone Noveck with Nikitas Nicolakis, Mohammed Kashef and members of the IP Law Society of New York Law School.
Sponsors: Institute for Information Law and Policy, New York Law School.
Visit Peer to Patent for more information.
What Problem Does It Solve?: It is hard to find optimal solutions to complex problems and policy disputes. Various parties dig in on particular issues. The parties don’t effectively explore the whole solution space. It is hard for anyone to understand the complex tradeoffs created by interdependency between particular choices.
How Does It Do That?: GenEvPol allows entry of relatively uncontroversial data regarding all the potential elements of a solution, the effects likely to be created by selection of particular elements, the likely impact of those effects on particular parties, and the mutual incompatibility of various alternatives. From this data, the system evolves an optimal starting point for future discussions – finding combinations of decisions or policies that maximize the welfar of all the affected parties in aggregate.
Why Is It Different?: GenEvPol treats alternative decisions and policy choices as GENES. Combinations of such genes (organisms) represent solutions to a dispute or selection of a particular set of policies. GenEvPol starts with a randomly selected population of organisms. Using relatively uncontroversial data regarding the effects of particular choices, GenEvPol scores the organisms and allows the most fit to mate and mutate. The result is the evolution of an optimal set of decisions – a good, neutrally-produced, starting place for further discussion among the parties.
Who Will Use It?: Anyone seeking optimal solutions to complex problems. Legislators. Lawyers counselling clients. Peace negotiators. Business people seeking an optimal multi-party deal.
Other Potential Uses: Anything can be treated as having a set of genes. Its possible that GenEvPol could be used to evolve inventions of all types.
Sponsors: GenEvPol was developed by Graphical Groupware
For more information, visit Policy Evolver online.
What Problem Does It Solve: Overcomes lack of public participation and consultation in policymaking. Focuses citizen participation on constructive and deliberative ends.
How Does It Do That: It offers a process and tool for collective policy drafting via the Internet. The PolicyWiki relies on relatively standard Wiki-based technology but enhances it with procedures built into the tool designed to foster community engagement and constructive participation.
Why Is It Different: It channels citizen participation and deliberation toward constructive goals, such as producing a draft school curriculum, set of rules, policy document or legislation.
Who Will Use It: Wide possible applications especially for local communities to improve self-governance
More Details: WIKIs are the new generation of collaborative editing tool. They enable a group to author a document collectively. They have been successfully used to write the world’s largest encyclopedia as well as for small companies to do project management together. The question is whether they can be adapted for use in developing policy and writing law collaboratively. We will explore the implementation of WIKI-style technology for use in helping communities create school curricula and school policy. This project will require some research into educational policy and reform. The aim of this team is to design an on-line collaborative authoring system and a strategy for its implementation to promote community engagement in educational reform.
Team: Christopher Imperiori, Aseem Jaluria, Beth Noveck, John Schimmel
Sponsors: Institute for Information Law and Policy, New York Law School
For more information, visit PolicyWiki online.
The goal of this grant is to develop a joint course that advances interdisciplinary work between the Wagner Graduate School of Public Service and the Stern School of Business, with Masters students and faculty from both schools working in collaboration and learning experientially through the lens of the latest evidence-based knowledge to solve urgent social problems in a variety of international contexts.
In trying to examine options for reducing freight vehicle miles traveled (VMT) this project explores the potential for Urban Distribution Centers (UDCs). The project reviews the current literature related to UDCs and examines three UDCs that have already been developed and discusses the potential applicability of this model to the New York Metropolitan region.
Negotiating the myriad of issues in dealing with city state arterial highways is of extreme interest to many large central cities around the United States. Issues abound regarding ownership, how such highways are funded both in terms of building and maintenance, and who is responsible for operations. What happens, for example, when the State owns the highway, but the City operates it? Often, the result is a constant tension between the needs and goals of the City and the State, not to mention the agencies involved. Moreover, even in those instances in which responsibilities are clear, those same responsibilities shift as soon as one gets to the border of the city even though the arterial highway may extend for many more miles beyond the city's jurisdiction. This creates another set of challenges in terms of coordinating neighboring jurisdictions. Understanding how other cities around the country deal with such issues will be of help for New York State and New York City. Within the scope of this study, the Rudin Center identified a set of peer cities around the country and compared and contrasted these cities in an effort to draw some lessons learned that will inform the situation in New York. Specific areas of interest included, but were not limited to: funding, mandates, building, operating, managing, and maintaining highway arterials, and institutional communication and coordination related to such arterials.
Organized by New York Law School in association with Harvard Law School, Yale Law School, Trinity University, and Nanyang Technological University in Singapore, State of Play is the pioneering global conference on virtual worlds, hosting experts across disciplines to discuss the future of cyberspace and the impact of these new immersive, social online environments on education, law, politics and society. The hallmark of the conference series is its multi-disciplinary perspective.
Visit State of Play online for more information.
The State of Play Academy is the first law and technology academy built in a virtual world. Its purpose is to challenge the traditional means of imparting a legal education—in time, place and manner– by experimenting with opportunities offered by the virtual space. It is funded by a grant awarded to New York Law School by There.com.
For more information, visit the State of Play Academy online.
The publication “Strengthening Interjurisdictional Coordination on Transportation and Related Land Use – A Guidebook for Practitioners” is intended to facilitate better integration of land use and transportation planning. The guidebook is drawn from research on the jurisdictional barriers that have had an impact on greater integration of land use and transportation planning in a variety of recent planning studies. It provides training matrices, including on key success factors for interjurisdictional coordination. The guidebook builds on lessons learned from a representative sample of case studies, including the Air Train JFK project; the Route 202/35/6/Bear Mt. Pkwy Sustainable Development Study, Westchester County; Route 303 Sustainable Development Study, Rockland County; the Staten Island Transportation Task Force; and, the Sustainable East End Strategies (SEEDS)
An invitation-only executive briefing series for New York City and New York State officials, jointly produced by Accenture and Wagner, and designed to examine different elements of managing large scale complex change programs.
Invitation only executive briefing series for New York City and New York State officials, jointly produced by Accenture and Wagner, and designed to examine different elements of managing large scale complex change programs
Annual grantee retreats and leadership sessions designed to help individuals address their leadership challenges, deepen their connections to one another, and collectively advance evidence-based strategies for youth development.
In 1981, with New York's transit system in a state of near-collapse, the state legislature asked New York's transit authority, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA), to begin regular five-year planning of its capital program. Since that time, the MTA has developed five successive plans aimed at bringing the system to a state of good repair. With the current plan coming to a close and a new plan slated for release later this year, the Rudin Center is taking a close look at the transportation and economic impacts that have occurred as a result of these five-year plans. The study reviews the rationale for the initial five-year capital program, examines the relationship between particular capital investments and subsequent performance improvements (if any), and looks at how transit investment may have impelled economic development in the New York region. The study also explores the potential multiplier and economic development effects of future capital spending.
This research project seeks to examine the impact of school‐level food policies, one of the most promising approaches to influence obesity based on Body Mass Index (BMI) as well as other critical outcome measures. Data on district policies, school practices, and neighborhood context will be gathered via distribution of surveys city-wide to schools, interviews with district personnel, and several school case studies. As other school districts and state and federal policymakers struggle with policy approaches to influence childhood obesity, these results will indicate which policies are successful and worth pursuing.
This research project is sponsored by the Mineta Transportation Institute. Following the State of Oregon groundbreaking mileage-based fee pilot program, researches have examined many facets of the program’s success, including the performance of the technology and ways that drivers changed their travel behavior once they were paying the flat-rate and variable mileage fees rather than a gas tax. One crucial aspect of the behavioral response that remains to be studied, however, is whether people’s behavioral responses to the MBF are correlated with any elements of the urban form around their homes. This research project addresses that question. More specifically, the project explores the following research questions: (1) Do urban form variables correlate with any of the travel behavior changes that participants made in response to the Oregon MBF pilot program? Are such correlations significant even after controlling for household characteristics (e.g. car ownership, household size, median income), personal attributes (e.g. gender, education, and attitudes), and public transit supply (e.g. access, quality, and frequency)?; (2) Which urban form factors are most significant in explaining travel behavior variations?; and, (3) Do the effects of the urban form variables differ under the two different fee structures tested, the flat-rate fee and variable fee with a higher rate during the peak periods?
The Google Book Search Lawsuit: The digital future of books is being hammered out in boardsrooms and courtrooms. The proposed settlement in the Google Book Search lawsuit, which would restructure the publishing industry and reshape copyright law, was negotiated by a few lawyers and will be ruled on by a single judge. The public deserves and needs a seat at this table.
The Public Index: Launched in May 2009, the Public Index harnesses the same digital media that are transforming publishing to bring the public into the conversation about publishing’s future. It provides a single convenient forum to learn about and to discuss the proposed settlement in the Google Book Search lawsuit. Members of the public can inform themselves, share their perspectives, connect with each other, and make their voices heard. Key features of the Public Index include comprehensive document repository of legal documents from the lawsuit and an extensive collection of commentaries from around the world.
IILP Faculty: James Grimmelmann
Visit The Public Index online for more information.
The purpose of this research is to identify changes in the economic makeup of Manhattan's diverse neighborhoods over the past decade, from the Financial District to Washington Heights. Researchers are interested in how these neighborhoods have evolved economically since 9/11 attacks (2002 to 2010). Researchers will explore and determine if the industries that have become the namesakes of certain neighborhoods (e.g. Financial District, Theater District, Meatpacking District, etc.) are still the driving economic force of those neighborhoods today. Further, researchers examine the "clustering" of industries in Manhattan's neighborhoods, and whether neighborhoods are becoming more concentrated or more diversified in economic makeup.
TransportationCamp brings together policymakers, technologists, activists and those interested in the intersection of urban transportation, sustainability, and technology. Learn about how federal, state and local governments are making data freely available in reusable formats and about ways that decision makers, entrepreneurs, and designers are making use of that data to create tools that improve communities and empower citizens.
Visit TransportationCamp and suggest topics and activities.
Follow @TranspoCamp on Twitter.
Schematic system maps are one of the most visible and frequently checked transit information sources, especially in subway networks. Such diagrams often misrepresent reality and affect the perceived desirability of a path; for example, a map may display a path’s distance as either shorter or longer than it actually is. This raises the question of how, and to what extent, maps effect passengers’ choice among paths? The research focused on path length and compared the map distance with the actual distance (actual travel time). Using the London Underground (LU) as a case study, researchers confirmed that the schematic map affects passenger path choices. LU passengers, including both first-time users and frequent users, often trust the schematic map more than their own travel experience. This suggests a need to revisit all efforts aimed at changing travel behavior through time savings. The map effect may partially explain why Advanced Traveler Information Systems (ATIS) often yield modest improvements in travel time savings in public transit. This finding could potentially change the way that passengers and transit agencies look at a schematic map.
This research primarily evaluates the work of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Urban Health Initiative. This national evaluation seeks to understand how and in what ways the Urban Health Initiative is able to affect change in health and safety outcomes in young people and chart the progress of the UHI sites on a set of common contextual and outcome indicators.
The purpose of the U.S. Financial Diaries is to record the financial behavior of 300 families. Recordings will be taken from four cities (India, Bangladesh and South Africa). Throughout the course of 15 months, biweekly interviews will be conducted and published in a series of reports. This will be accessible to the general public. This study looks at how low-income Americans are managing their financial lives.
The goal of the Virtual Company Project is to build online tools to help groups create and implement governance rules necessary for successful collaboration. The project is premised on the belief that the right graphical interfaces can translate the structures of the group into clear and intelligible procedures that will enable teams to make decisions, control assets and enter into contractual relationships with third parties. The Virtual Company project is creating the interfaces and designing the back-end functionality that is needed to enable group participants to see themselves in relation to the group as a whole, allocate roles, establish accountability to the group, make collective decisions, and administer group assets, expenditures and distributions.
The Virtual Company Project aims to create the legal, technical and business infrastructure necessary to enable formation and operation of companies, entirely online, and to facilitate the creation of companies (and valuable work product or services) by groups of individuals who want to share time and attention (in a collective effort) rather than investing capital.
For more information, visit the Virtual Company project online.
NEW YORK LAW SCHOOL´S VISUAL PERSUASION PROJECT LAUNCHES WEB SITE
New York, January 10, 2006 — In an era when most people receive news and entertainment from television and the Internet, lawyers are learning to adapt similar visual techniques for effective communication with judges, juries, and the public at large. New York Law School´s Visual Persuasion Project, founded and directed by Professor Richard K. Sherwin, explores the increasing role played by visual and multimedia tools in contemporary legal practice. Professor Sherwin and the Visual Persuasion Project have now announced the launch of the Visual Persuasion project´s web site.
This site is the first, and to date the only, to showcase “best practices” in the visual litigation services field. The site features a broad range of visual products, from 2-D and 3-D animations to accident reenactments, day-in-the-life documentaries, settlement brochures, montages, and other innovative visual products.